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1. The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48
Golden \Gold"en\ (g[=o]ld"'n), a. [OE. golden; cf. OE. gulden,
   AS. gylden, from gold. See Gold, and cf. Guilder.]
   [1913 Webster]
   1. Made of gold; consisting of gold.
      [1913 Webster]

   2. Having the color of gold; as, the golden grain.
      [1913 Webster]

   3. Very precious; highly valuable; excellent; eminently
      auspicious; as, golden opinions.
      [1913 Webster]

   Golden age.
      (a) The fabulous age of primeval simplicity and purity of
          manners in rural employments, followed by the silver
          age, bronze age, and iron age. --Dryden.
      (b) (Roman Literature) The best part (B. C. 81 -- A. D.
          14) of the classical period of Latinity; the time when
          Cicero, C[ae]sar, Virgil, etc., wrote. Hence:
      (c) That period in the history of a literature, etc., when
          it flourishes in its greatest purity or attains its
          greatest glory; as, the Elizabethan age has been
          considered the golden age of English literature.

   Golden balls, three gilt balls used as a sign of a
      pawnbroker's office or shop; -- originally taken from the
      coat of arms of Lombardy, the first money lenders in
      London having been Lombards.

   Golden bull. See under Bull, an edict.

   Golden chain (Bot.), the shrub Cytisus Laburnum, so named
      from its long clusters of yellow blossoms.

   Golden club (Bot.), an aquatic plant (Orontium
      aquaticum), bearing a thick spike of minute yellow

   Golden cup (Bot.), the buttercup.

   Golden eagle (Zool.), a large and powerful eagle (Aquila
      Chrysa["e]tos) inhabiting Europe, Asia, and North
      America. It is so called from the brownish yellow tips of
      the feathers on the head and neck. A dark variety is
      called the royal eagle; the young in the second year is
      the ring-tailed eagle.

   Golden fleece.
      (a) (Mythol.) The fleece of gold fabled to have been taken
          from the ram that bore Phryxus through the air to
          Colchis, and in quest of which Jason undertook the
          Argonautic expedition.
      (b) (Her.) An order of knighthood instituted in 1429 by
          Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy; -- called also
          Toison d'Or.

   Golden grease, a bribe; a fee. [Slang]

   Golden hair (Bot.), a South African shrubby composite plant
      with golden yellow flowers, the Chrysocoma Coma-aurea.

   Golden Horde (Hist.), a tribe of Mongolian Tartars who
      overran and settled in Southern Russia early in the 18th

   Golden Legend, a hagiology (the "Aurea Legenda") written by
      James de Voragine, Archbishop of Genoa, in the 13th
      century, translated and printed by Caxton in 1483, and
      partially paraphrased by Longfellow in a poem thus

   Golden marcasite tin. [Obs.]

   Golden mean, the way of wisdom and safety between extremes;
      sufficiency without excess; moderation.
      [1913 Webster]

            Angels guard him in the golden mean.  --Pope.

   Golden mole (Zool), one of several South African
      Insectivora of the family Chrysochlorid[ae], resembling
      moles in form and habits. The fur is tinted with green,
      purple, and gold.

   Golden number (Chronol.), a number showing the year of the
      lunar or Metonic cycle. It is reckoned from 1 to 19, and
      is so called from having formerly been written in the
      calendar in gold.

   Golden oriole. (Zool.) See Oriole.

   Golden pheasant. See under Pheasant.

   Golden pippin, a kind of apple, of a bright yellow color.

   Golden plover (Zool.), one of several species of plovers,
      of the genus Charadrius, esp. the European (Charadrius
      apricarius, syn. Charadrius pluvialis; -- called also
      yellow plover, black-breasted plover, hill plover,
      and whistling plover. The common American species
      (Charadrius dominicus) is also called frostbird, and

   Golden robin. (Zool.) See Baltimore oriole, in Vocab.

   Golden rose (R. C. Ch.), a gold or gilded rose blessed by
      the pope on the fourth Sunday in Lent, and sent to some
      church or person in recognition of special services
      rendered to the Holy See.

   Golden rule.
      (a) The rule of doing as we would have others do to us.
          Cf. --Luke vi. 31.
      (b) The rule of proportion, or rule of three.

   Golden samphire (Bot.), a composite plant (Inula
      crithmoides), found on the seashore of Europe.

   Golden saxifrage (Bot.), a low herb with yellow flowers
      (Chrysosplenium oppositifolium), blossoming in wet
      places in early spring.

   Golden seal (Bot.), a perennial ranunculaceous herb
      (Hydrastis Canadensis), with a thick knotted rootstock
      and large rounded leaves.

   Golden sulphide of antimony, or Golden sulphuret of
   antimony (Chem.), the pentasulphide of antimony, a golden or
      orange yellow powder.

   Golden warbler (Zool.), a common American wood warbler
      (Dendroica [ae]stiva); -- called also blue-eyed yellow
      warbler, garden warbler, and summer yellow bird.

   Golden wasp (Zool.), a bright-colored hymenopterous insect,
      of the family Chrysidid[ae]. The colors are golden,
      blue, and green.

   Golden wedding. See under Wedding.
      [1913 Webster]

2. The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48
Robin \Rob"in\, n. [Properly a pet name for Robert, originally
   meaning, famebright; F., fron OHG. Roudperht; ruod (in comp.;
   akin to AS. hr?? glory, fame, Goth. hr?peigs victorius) +
   beraht bright. See Bright, Hob a clown.] (Zool.)
   (a) A small European singing bird (Erythacus rubecula),
       having a reddish breast; -- called also robin
       redbreast, robinet, and ruddock.
   (b) An American singing bird (Merula migratoria), having
       the breast chestnut, or dull red. The upper parts are
       olive-gray, the head and tail blackish. Called also
       robin redbreast, and migratory thrush.
   (c) Any one of several species of Australian warblers of the
       genera Petroica, Melanadrays, and allied genera; as,
       the scarlet-breasted robin (Petroica mullticolor).
   (d) Any one of several Asiatic birds; as, the Indian robins.
       See Indian robin, below.
       [1913 Webster]

   Beach robin (Zool.), the robin snipe, or knot. See Knot.

   Blue-throated robin. (Zool.) See Bluethroat.

   Canada robin (Zool.), the cedar bird.

   Golden robin (Zool.), the Baltimore oriole.

   Ground robin (Zool.), the chewink.

   Indian robin (Zool.), any one of several species of Asiatic
      saxoline birds of the genera Thamnobia and Pratincola.
      They are mostly black, usually with some white on the

   Magrie robin (Zool.), an Asiatic singing bird (Corsycus
      saularis), having the back, head, neck, and breast black
      glossed with blue, the wings black, and the belly white.

   Ragged robin. (Bot.) See under Ragged.

   Robin accentor (Zool.), a small Asiatic singing bird
      (Accentor rubeculoides), somewhat resembling the
      European robin.

   Robin redbreast. (Zool.)
   (a) The European robin.
   (b) The American robin.
   (c) The American bluebird.

   Robin snipe. (Zool.)
   (a) The red-breasted snipe, or dowitcher.
   (b) The red-breasted sandpiper, or knot.

   Robin's plantain. (Bot.) See under Plantain.

   Sea robin. (Zool.)
   (a) Any one of several species of American gurnards of the
       genus Prionotus. They are excellent food fishes. Called
       also wingfish. The name is also applied to a European
   (b) The red-breasted merganser, or sheldrake. [Local, U.S.]

   Water robin (Zool.), a redstart (Ruticulla fuliginosa),
      native of India.
      [1913 Webster]

3. The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48
Baltimore bird \Bal"ti*more bird`\, Baltimore oriole
\Bal"ti*more o"ri*ole\ (Zool.)
   A common bird (Icterus galbula) of eastern and central
   America and Canada, named after Lord Baltimore, because its
   colors (black and orange red) are like those of his coat of
   arms; -- called also golden robin. It winters in the
   American tropics.
   [1913 Webster]

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