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World Gazetteer Results for Petalídion:
Original NamesΠεταλίδιον
Geographical TypeLocality
Administrative DivisionMessinía
Dictionary Results for Greece:
1. WordNet® 3.0 (2006)
    n 1: a republic in southeastern Europe on the southern part of
         the Balkan peninsula; known for grapes and olives and olive
         oil [syn: Greece, Hellenic Republic, Ellas]
    2: ancient Greece; a country of city-states (especially Athens
       and Sparta) that reached its peak in the fifth century BCE

2. The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48
Gree \Gree\, n.; pl. Grees (gr[=e]z); obs. plurals Greece
   (gr[=e]s) Grice (gr[imac]s or gr[=e]s), Grise, Grize
   (gr[imac]z or gr[=e]z), etc. [OF. gr['e], F. grade. See
   A step.
   [1913 Webster]

3. The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48
Greece \Greece\, n. pl.
   See Gree a step. [Obs.]
   [1913 Webster]

4. Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
   orginally consisted of the four provinces of Macedonia, Epirus,
   Achaia, and Peleponnesus. In Acts 20:2 it designates only the
   Roman province of Macedonia. Greece was conquered by the Romans
   B.C. 146. After passing through various changes it was erected
   into an independent monarchy in 1831.
     Moses makes mention of Greece under the name of Javan (Gen.
   10:2-5); and this name does not again occur in the Old Testament
   till the time of Joel (3:6). Then the Greeks and Hebrews first
   came into contact in the Tyrian slave-market. Prophetic notice
   is taken of Greece in Dan. 8:21.
     The cities of Greece were the special scenes of the labours of
   the apostle Paul.

5. CIA World Factbook 2002

   Introduction Greece
                            Background: Greece achieved its independence
                                        from the Ottoman Empire in 1829.
                                        During the second half of the 19th
                                        century and the first half of the
                                        20th century, it gradually added
                                        neighboring islands and territories
                                        with Greek-speaking populations.
                                        Following the defeat of Communist
                                        rebels in 1949, Greece joined NATO
                                        in 1952. A military dictatorship,
                                        which in 1967 suspended many
                                        political liberties and forced the
                                        king to flee the country, lasted
                                        seven years. Democratic elections in
                                        1974 and a referendum created a
                                        parliamentary republic and abolished
                                        the monarchy; Greece joined the
                                        European Community or EC in 1981
                                        (which became the EU in 1992).
   Geography Greece
                              Location: Southern Europe, bordering the
                                        Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea, and the
                                        Mediterranean Sea, between Albania
                                        and Turkey
                Geographic coordinates: 39 00 N, 22 00 E
                        Map references: Europe
                                  Area: total: 131,940 sq km
                                        water: 1,140 sq km
                                        land: 130,800 sq km
                    Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Alabama
                       Land boundaries: total: 1,228 km
                                        border countries: Albania 282 km,
                                        Bulgaria 494 km, Turkey 206 km, The
                                        Former Yugoslav Republic of
                                        Macedonia 246 km
                             Coastline: 13,676 km
                       Maritime claims: continental shelf: 200-m depth or to
                                        the depth of exploitation
                                        territorial sea: 6 NM
                               Climate: temperate; mild, wet winters; hot,
                                        dry summers
                               Terrain: mostly mountains with ranges
                                        extending into the sea as peninsulas
                                        or chains of islands
                    Elevation extremes: lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
                                        highest point: Mount Olympus 2,917 m
                     Natural resources: bauxite, lignite, magnesite,
                                        petroleum, marble, hydropower
                              Land use: arable land: 22.12%
                                        permanent crops: 8.47%
                                        other: 69.41% (1998 est.)
                        Irrigated land: 14,220 sq km (1998 est.)
                       Natural hazards: severe earthquakes
          Environment - current issues: air pollution; water pollution
            Environment - international party to: Air Pollution, Air
                            agreements: Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air
                                        Pollution-Sulphur 94, Antarctic-
                                        Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-
                                        Marine Living Resources,
                                        Biodiversity, Climate Change,
                                        Desertification, Endangered Species,
                                        Environmental Modification,
                                        Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea,
                                        Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban,
                                        Ozone Layer Protection, Ship
                                        Pollution, Tropical Timber 83,
                                        Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
                                        signed, but not ratified: Air
                                        Pollution-Persistent Organic
                                        Pollutants, Air Pollution-Volatile
                                        Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty,
                                        Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
                      Geography - note: strategic location dominating the
                                        Aegean Sea and southern approach to
                                        Turkish Straits; a peninsular
                                        country, possessing an archipelago
                                        of about 2,000 islands
   People Greece
                            Population: 10,645,343 (July 2002 est.)
                         Age structure: 0-14 years: 14.8% (male 814,605;
                                        female 765,613)
                                        15-64 years: 67.1% (male 3,579,945;
                                        female 3,564,068)
                                        65 years and over: 18.1% (male
                                        851,087; female 1,070,025) (2002
                Population growth rate: 0.2% (2002 est.)
                            Birth rate: 9.82 births/1,000 population (2002
                            Death rate: 9.79 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                    Net migration rate: 1.96 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                        (2002 est.)
                             Sex ratio: at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
                                        under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
                                        15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
                                        65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/
                                        total population: 0.97 male(s)/
                                        female (2002 est.)
                 Infant mortality rate: 6.25 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
              Life expectancy at birth: total population: 78.74 years
                                        female: 81.48 years (2002 est.)
                                        male: 76.17 years
                  Total fertility rate: 1.34 children born/woman (2002 est.)
      HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.16% (1999 est.)
     HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 8,000 (1999 est.)
                     HIV/AIDS - deaths: less than 100 (1999 est.)
                           Nationality: noun: Greek(s)
                                        adjective: Greek
                         Ethnic groups: Greek 98%, other 2%
                                        note: the Greek Government states
                                        there are no ethnic divisions in
                             Religions: Greek Orthodox 98%, Muslim 1.3%,
                                        other 0.7%
                             Languages: Greek 99% (official), English,
                              Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                        and write
                                        total population: 97%
                                        male: 98.5%
                                        female: 96% (1999)
   Government Greece
                          Country name: conventional long form: Hellenic
                                        conventional short form: Greece
                                        local short form: Ellas or Ellada
                                        former: Kingdom of Greece
                                        local long form: Elliniki
                       Government type: parliamentary republic; monarchy
                                        rejected by referendum 8 December
                               Capital: Athens
              Administrative divisions: 51 prefectures (nomoi, singular -
                                        nomos)and 1 autonomous region*;
                                        Agion Oros* (Mt. Athos), Achaia,
                                        Aitolia kai Akarmania, Argolis,
                                        Arkadia, Arta, Attiki, Chalkidiki,
                                        Chanion, Chios, Dodekanisos, Drama,
                                        Evros, Evrytania, Evvoia, Florina,
                                        Fokidos, Fthiotis, Grevena, Ileia,
                                        Imathia, Ioannina, Irakleion,
                                        Karditsa, Kastoria, Kavala,
                                        Kefallinia, Kerkyra, Kilkis,
                                        Korinthia, Kozani, Kyklades,
                                        Lakonia, Larisa, Lasithi, Lefkas,
                                        Lesvos, Magnisia, Messinia, Pella,
                                        Pieria, Preveza, Rethynnis, Rodopi,
                                        Samos, Serrai, Thesprotia,
                                        Thessaloniki, Trikala, Voiotia,
                                        Xanthi, Zakynthos
                          Independence: 1829 (from the Ottoman Empire)
                      National holiday: Independence Day, 25 March (1821)
                          Constitution: 11 June 1975; amended March 1986 and
                                        April 2001
                          Legal system: based on codified Roman law;
                                        judiciary divided into civil,
                                        criminal, and administrative courts
                              Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal and
                      Executive branch: chief of state: President
                                        Konstandinos (Kostis) STEPHANOPOULOS
                                        (since 10 March 1995)
                                        elections: president elected by
                                        Parliament for a five-year term;
                                        election last held 8 February 2000
                                        (next to be held by NA February
                                        2005); prime minister appointed by
                                        the president
                                        head of government: Prime Minister
                                        Konstandinos SIMITIS (since 19
                                        January 1996)
                                        cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the
                                        president on the recommendation of
                                        the prime minister
                                        election results: Konstandinos
                                        STEPHANOPOULOS reelected president;
                                        percent of Parliament vote - 90%
                    Legislative branch: unicameral Parliament or Vouli ton
                                        Ellinon (300 seats; members are
                                        elected by direct popular vote to
                                        serve four-year terms)
                                        elections: elections last held 9
                                        April 2000 (next to be held by NA
                                        April 2004)
                                        election results: percent of vote by
                                        party - PASOK 43.8%, ND 42.7%, KKE
                                        5.5%, Coalition of the Left and
                                        Progress 3.2%; seats by party -
                                        PASOK 158, ND 125, KKE 11, Coalition
                                        of the Left and Progress 6; note -
                                        seats by party as of January 2002 -
                                        PASOK 156, ND 122, KKE 11, Coalition
                                        of the Left and Progress 6,
                                        independents 5
                       Judicial branch: Supreme Judicial Court; Special
                                        Supreme Tribunal; all judges
                                        appointed for life by the president
                                        after consultation with a judicial
         Political parties and leaders: Coalition of the Left and Progress
                                        (Synaspismos) [Nikolaos
                                        KONSTANDOPOULOS]; Communist Party of
                                        Greece or KKE [Aleka PAPARIGA]; New
                                        Democracy or ND (conservative)
                                        [Konstandinos KARAMANLIS];
                                        Panhellenic Socialist Movement or
                                        PASOK [Konstandinos SIMITIS]
          Political pressure groups and NA
             International organization Australia Group, BIS, BSEC, CCC, CE,
                         participation: CERN, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, EIB, EMU, EU,
                                        FAO, G- 6, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC,
                                        ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC,
                                        IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol,
                                        IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MINURSO, NAM
                                        (guest), NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS
                                        (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, PCA,
                                        UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO,
                                        UNIKOM, UNMEE, UNMIBH, UNMIK,
                                        UNOMIG, UPU, WEU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO,
                                        WMO, WToO, WTrO, ZC
   Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador
                                        Alexandros PHILON; note - expected
                                        to be replaced by Yeorgios
                                        SAVVAIDHIS in 2002
                                        consulate(s): Atlanta, Houston, and
                                        New Orleans
                                        consulate(s) general: Boston,
                                        Chicago, Los Angeles, New York, and
                                        San Francisco
                                        FAX: [1] (202) 939-5824
                                        telephone: [1] (202) 939-5800
                                        chancery: 2221 Massachusetts Avenue
                                        NW, Washington, DC 20008
     Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Thomas
                                    US: J. MILLER
                                        embassy: 91 Vassilissis Sophias
                                        Boulevard, GR-10160 Athens
                                        mailing address: PSC 108, APO AE
                                        telephone: [30] (10) 721-2951
                                        FAX: [30] (10) 645-6282
                                        consulate(s) general: Thessaloniki
                      Flag description: nine equal horizontal stripes of
                                        blue alternating with white; there
                                        is a blue square in the upper hoist-
                                        side corner bearing a white cross;
                                        the cross symbolizes Greek
                                        Orthodoxy, the established religion
                                        of the country
   Economy Greece
                    Economy - overview: Greece has a mixed capitalist
                                        economy with the public sector
                                        accounting for about half of GDP.
                                        Tourism is a key industry, providing
                                        a large portion of GDP and foreign
                                        exchange earnings. Greece is a major
                                        beneficiary of EU aid, equal to
                                        about 3.3% of GDP. The economy has
                                        improved steadily over the last few
                                        years, as the government tightened
                                        policy in the run-up to Greece's
                                        entry into the EU's Economic and
                                        Monetary Union (EMU) on 1 January
                                        2001. Major challenges remaining
                                        include the reduction of
                                        unemployment and further
                                        restructuring of the economy,
                                        including privatizing several state
                                        enterprises, undertaking social
                                        security reforms, overhauling the
                                        tax system, and minimizing
                                        bureaucratic inefficiencies.
                                        Economic growth is forecast at 3%-
                                        3.5% in 2002.
                                   GDP: purchasing power parity - $189.7
                                        billion (2001 est.)
                GDP - real growth rate: 3.7% (2001 est.)
                      GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $17,900
                                        (2001 est.)
           GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 8.3%
                                        industry: 27.3%
                                        services: 64.4% (1998)
         Population below poverty line: NA%
     Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 3%
                      percentage share: highest 10%: 25.3% (1993 est.)
   Distribution of family income - Gini 32.7 (1993)
      Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.4% (2001)
                           Labor force: 4.32 million (1999 est.)
           Labor force - by occupation: industry 21%, agriculture 20%,
                                        services 59% (2000 est.)
                     Unemployment rate: 11% (2001 est.)
                                Budget: revenues: $45 billion
                                        expenditures: $47.6 billion,
                                        including capital expenditures of
                                        $NA (1998 est.)
                            Industries: tourism; food and tobacco
                                        processing, textiles; chemicals,
                                        metal products; mining, petroleum
     Industrial production growth rate: 7% (2000 est.)
              Electricity - production: 49.581 billion kWh (2000)
    Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 91.53%
                                        hydro: 6.6%
                                        other: 1.87% (2000)
                                        nuclear: 0%
             Electricity - consumption: 46.099 billion kWh (2000)
                 Electricity - exports: 1.74 billion kWh (2000)
                 Electricity - imports: 1.729 billion kWh (2000)
                Agriculture - products: wheat, corn, barley, sugar beets,
                                        olives, tomatoes, wine, tobacco,
                                        potatoes; beef, dairy products
                               Exports: $12.5 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                 Exports - commodities: food and beverages, manufactured
                                        goods, petroleum products,
                                        chemicals, textiles
                    Exports - partners: EU 44% (Germany 12%, Italy 9%, UK
                                        6%), US 5% (2000)
                               Imports: $30.3 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                 Imports - commodities: machinery, transport equipment,
                                        fuels, chemicals
                    Imports - partners: EU 59% (Germany 13%, Italy 13%,
                                        France 7%, Netherlands 6%, UK 5%),
                                        US 3% (2000)
                       Debt - external: $57 billion (2000 est.)
              Economic aid - recipient: $5.4 billion from EU (1997 est.)
                              Currency: euro (EUR); drachma (GRD)
                                        note: on 1 January 1999, the
                                        European Monetary Union introduced
                                        the euro as a common currency to be
                                        used by financial institutions of
                                        member countries; on 1 January 2002,
                                        the euro became the sole currency
                                        for everyday transactions within the
                                        member countries
                         Currency code: EUR; GRD
                        Exchange rates: euros per US dollar - 1.1324
                                        (January 2002), 1.1175 (2001);
                                        drachmae per US dollar - 380.21
                                        (December 2000), 365.40 (2000),
                                        305.65 (1999), 295.53 (1998), 273.06
                                        note: in January 2001, the drachma
                                        became a participating currency
                                        within the Eurosystem, and the euro
                                        market rate became applicable to all
                           Fiscal year: calendar year
   Communications Greece
        Telephones - main lines in use: 5.431 million (1997)
          Telephones - mobile cellular: 937,700 (1997)
                      Telephone system: general assessment: adequate, modern
                                        networks reach all areas; good
                                        mobile telephone and international
                                        domestic: microwave radio relay
                                        trunk system; extensive open wire
                                        connections; submarine cable to
                                        offshore islands
                                        international: tropospheric scatter;
                                        8 submarine cables; satellite earth
                                        stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Atlantic
                                        Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean), 1
                                        Eutelsat, and 1 Inmarsat (Indian
                                        Ocean region)
              Radio broadcast stations: AM 26, FM 88, shortwave 4 (1998)
                                Radios: 5.02 million (1997)
         Television broadcast stations: 36 (plus 1,341 low-power repeaters);
                                        also two stations in the US Armed
                                        Forces Radio and Television Service
                           Televisions: 2.54 million (1997)
                 Internet country code: .gr
     Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 27 (2000)
                        Internet users: 1.33 million (1999)
   Transportation Greece
                              Railways: total: 2,571 km
                                        standard gauge: 1,565 km 1.435-
                                        m gauge (36 km electrified)
                                        narrow gauge: 961 km 1.000-m gauge;
                                        22 km 0.750-m gauge (a rack-type
                                        railway for steep grades)
                                        dual gauge: 23 km combined 1.435-
                                        m and 1.000-m gauges (three rail
                                        system) (2001 est.)
                              Highways: total: 117,000 km
                                        paved: 107,406 km (including 470 km
                                        of expressways)
                                        unpaved: 9,594 km (1996)
                             Waterways: 80 km
                                        note: system consists of three
                                        coastal canals including the Corinth
                                        Canal (6 km) which crosses the
                                        Isthmus of Corinth connecting the
                                        Gulf of Corinth with the Saronic
                                        Gulf and shortens the sea voyage
                                        from the Adriatic to Peiraiefs
                                        (Piraeus) by 325 km; there are also
                                        three unconnected rivers
                             Pipelines: crude oil 26 km; petroleum products
                                        547 km
                     Ports and harbors: Alexandroupolis, Elefsis, Irakleion
                                        (Crete), Kavala, Kerkyra, Chalkis,
                                        Igoumenitsa, Lavrion, Patrai,
                                        Peiraiefs (Piraeus), Thessaloniki,
                       Merchant marine: total: 802 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                        totaling 27,998,523 GRT/49,458,125
                                        note: includes some foreign-owned
                                        ships registered here as a flag of
                                        convenience: Ireland 1, Japan 1,
                                        Liberia 1, Norway 1, Panama 2,
                                        Russia 1, Saudi Arabia 1, United
                                        Kingdom 1 (2002 est.)
                                        ships by type: bulk 294, cargo 54,
                                        chemical tanker 25, combination bulk
                                        7, combination ore/oil 5, container
                                        45, liquefied gas 7, multi-
                                        functional large-load carrier 1,
                                        passenger 13, petroleum tanker 265,
                                        refrigerated cargo 3, roll on/roll
                                        off 23, short-sea passenger 54,
                                        specialized tanker 4, vehicle
                                        carrier 2
                              Airports: 79 (note - new Athens airport at
                                        Spafa opened in March 2001) (2001)
         Airports - with paved runways: total: 65
                                        over 3,047 m: 6
                                        2,438 to 3,047 m: 15
                                        914 to 1,523 m: 16
                                        under 914 m: 9 (2001)
                                        1,524 to 2,437 m: 19
       Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 14
                                        914 to 1,523 m: 4
                                        under 914 m: 10 (2001)
                             Heliports: 4 (2001)
   Military Greece
                     Military branches: Hellenic Army, Hellenic Navy,
                                        Hellenic Air Force, Police, National
      Military manpower - military age: 21 years of age (2002 est.)
      Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 2,668,872 (2002
   Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 2,034,192 (2002
                               service: est.)
           Military manpower - reaching males: 77,976 (2002 est.)
                 military age annually:
         Military expenditures - dollar $6.12 billion (FY99/00 est.)
     Military expenditures - percent of 4.91% (FY99/00 est.)
   Transnational Issues Greece
              Disputes - international: Greece and Turkey have resumed
                                        discussions to resolve their complex
                                        maritime, air, territorial, and
                                        boundary disputes in the Aegean Sea;
                                        Cyprus question with Turkey; dispute
                                        with The Former Yugoslav Republic of
                                        Macedonia over its name
                         Illicit drugs: a gateway to Europe for traffickers
                                        smuggling cannabis and heroin from
                                        the Middle East and Southwest Asia
                                        to the West and precursor chemicals
                                        to the East; some South American
                                        cocaine transits or is consumed in

6. U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000)
Greece, NY -- U.S. Census Designated Place in New York
   Population (2000):    14614
   Housing Units (2000): 6170
   Land area (2000):     4.331068 sq. miles (11.217414 sq. km)
   Water area (2000):    0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
   Total area (2000):    4.331068 sq. miles (11.217414 sq. km)
   FIPS code:            30279
   Located within:       New York (NY), FIPS 36
   Location:             43.209112 N, 77.700341 W
   ZIP Codes (1990):     14616
   Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
    Greece, NY

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