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World Gazetteer Results for Pazzallo:
NamePazzallo
Geographical TypeLocality
Population1142
CountrySwitzerland
Administrative DivisionTessin
Dictionary Results for Switzerland:
1. WordNet® 3.0 (2006)
Switzerland
    n 1: a landlocked federal republic in central Europe [syn:
         Switzerland, Swiss Confederation, Suisse, Schweiz,
         Svizzera]

2. CIA World Factbook 2002
Switzerland

   Introduction Switzerland
   ------------------------
                            Background: Switzerland's independence and
                                        neutrality have long been honored by
                                        the major European powers and
                                        Switzerland was not involved in
                                        either of the two World Wars. The
                                        political and economic integration
                                        of Europe over the past half
                                        century, as well as Switzerland's
                                        role in many UN and international
                                        organizations has strengthened
                                        Switzerland's ties with its
                                        neighbors. Switzerland is active in
                                        many UN and international
                                        organizations, but retains a strong
                                        commitment to neutrality.
  
   Geography Switzerland
   ---------------------
                              Location: Central Europe, east of France,
                                        north of Italy
                Geographic coordinates: 47 00 N, 8 00 E
                        Map references: Europe
                                  Area: total: 41,290 sq km
                                        water: 1,520 sq km
                                        land: 39,770 sq km
                    Area - comparative: slightly less than twice the size of
                                        New Jersey
                       Land boundaries: total: 1,852 km
                                        border countries: Austria 164 km,
                                        France 573 km, Italy 740 km,
                                        Liechtenstein 41 km, Germany 334 km
                             Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
                       Maritime claims: none (landlocked)
                               Climate: temperate, but varies with altitude;
                                        cold, cloudy, rainy/snowy winters;
                                        cool to warm, cloudy, humid summers
                                        with occasional showers
                               Terrain: mostly mountains (Alps in south,
                                        Jura in northwest) with a central
                                        plateau of rolling hills, plains,
                                        and large lakes
                    Elevation extremes: lowest point: Lake Maggiore 195 m
                                        highest point: Dufourspitze 4,634 m
                     Natural resources: hydropower potential, timber, salt
                              Land use: arable land: 10.57%
                                        permanent crops: 0.61%
                                        other: 88.82% (1998 est.)
                        Irrigated land: 250 sq km (1998 est.)
                       Natural hazards: avalanches, landslides, flash floods
          Environment - current issues: air pollution from vehicle emissions
                                        and open-air burning; acid rain;
                                        water pollution from increased use
                                        of agricultural fertilizers; loss of
                                        biodiversity
            Environment - international party to: Air Pollution, Air
                            agreements: Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air
                                        Pollution-Persistent Organic
                                        Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulphur
                                        85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air
                                        Pollution-Volatile Organic
                                        Compounds, Antarctic Treaty,
                                        Biodiversity, Climate Change,
                                        Desertification, Endangered Species,
                                        Environmental Modification,
                                        Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping,
                                        Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear
                                        Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection,
                                        Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83,
                                        Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands,
                                        Whaling
                                        signed, but not ratified: Antarctic-
                                        Environmental Protocol, Climate
                                        Change-Kyoto Protocol, Law of the
                                        Sea
                      Geography - note: landlocked; crossroads of northern
                                        and southern Europe; along with
                                        southeastern France and northern
                                        Italy, has the highest elevations in
                                        Europe
  
   People Switzerland
   ------------------
                            Population: 7,301,994 (July 2002 est.)
                         Age structure: 0-14 years: 16.8% (male 629,513;
                                        female 597,472)
                                        15-64 years: 67.7% (male 2,512,273;
                                        female 2,433,396)
                                        65 years and over: 15.5% (male
                                        461,722; female 667,618) (2002 est.)
                Population growth rate: 0.24% (2002 est.)
                            Birth rate: 9.84 births/1,000 population (2002
                                        est.)
                            Death rate: 8.79 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                        est.)
                    Net migration rate: 1.37 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                        (2002 est.)
                             Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                        under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                        15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                        65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/
                                        female
                                        total population: 0.97 male(s)/
                                        female (2002 est.)
                 Infant mortality rate: 4.42 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                        est.)
              Life expectancy at birth: total population: 79.86 years
                                        female: 82.89 years (2002 est.)
                                        male: 76.98 years
                  Total fertility rate: 1.47 children born/woman (2002 est.)
      HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.46% (1999 est.)
     HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 17,000 (1999 est.)
                                  AIDS:
                     HIV/AIDS - deaths: 150 (1999 est.)
                           Nationality: noun: Swiss (singular and plural)
                                        adjective: Swiss
                         Ethnic groups: German 65%, French 18%, Italian 10%,
                                        Romansch 1%, other 6%
                             Religions: Roman Catholic 46.1%, Protestant
                                        40%, other 5%, none 8.9% (1990)
                             Languages: German (official) 63.7%, French
                                        (official) 19.2%, Italian (official)
                                        7.6%, Romansch 0.6%, other 8.9%
                              Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                        and write
                                        total population: 99% (1980 est.)
                                        male: NA%
                                        female: NA%
  
   Government Switzerland
   ----------------------
                          Country name: conventional long form: Swiss
                                        Confederation
                                        conventional short form: Switzerland
  
                                        local short form: Schweiz (German),
                                        Suisse (French), Svizzera (Italian)
                                        local long form: Schweizerische
                                        Eidgenossenschaft (German),
                                        Confederation Suisse (French),
                                        Confederazione Svizzera (Italian)
                       Government type: federal republic
                               Capital: Bern
              Administrative divisions: 26 cantons (cantons, singular -
                                        canton in French; cantoni, singular
                                        - cantone in Italian; kantone,
                                        singular - kanton in German);
                                        Aargau, Appenzell Ausser-Rhoden,
                                        Appenzell Inner-Rhoden, Basel-
                                        Landschaft, Basel-Stadt, Bern,
                                        Fribourg, Geneve, Glarus,
                                        Graubunden, Jura, Luzern, Neuchatel,
                                        Nidwalden, Obwalden, Sankt Gallen,
                                        Schaffhausen, Schwyz, Solothurn,
                                        Thurgau, Ticino, Uri, Valais, Vaud,
                                        Zug, Zurich
                          Independence: 1 August 1291 (Founding of the Swiss
                                        Confederation)
                      National holiday: Founding of the Swiss Confederation,
                                        1 August (1291)
                          Constitution: 29 May 1874
                          Legal system: civil law system influenced by
                                        customary law; judicial review of
                                        legislative acts, except with
                                        respect to federal decrees of
                                        general obligatory character;
                                        accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction,
                                        with reservations
                              Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                      Executive branch: chief of state: President Kasper
                                        VILLIGER (since 1 January 2002);
                                        Vice President Pascal COUCHEPIN
                                        (since 1 January 2002); note - the
                                        president is both the chief of state
                                        and head of government
                                        head of government: President Kasper
                                        VILLIGER (since 1 January 2002);
                                        Vice President Pascal COUCHEPIN
                                        (since 1 January 2002); note - the
                                        president is both the chief of state
                                        and head of government
                                        cabinet: Federal Council or
                                        Bundesrat (in German), Conseil
                                        Federal (in French), Consiglio
                                        Federale (in Italian) elected by the
                                        Federal Assembly from among its own
                                        members for a four-year term
                                        elections: president and vice
                                        president elected by the Federal
                                        Assembly from among the members of
                                        the Federal Council for one-year
                                        terms that run concurrently;
                                        election last held 5 December 2001
                                        (next to be held NA December 2002)
                                        election results: Kasper VILLIGER
                                        elected president; percent of
                                        Federal Assembly vote - 74.4%;
                                        Pascal COUCHEPIN elected vice
                                        president; percent of legislative
                                        vote - 58.5%
                    Legislative branch: bicameral Federal Assembly or
                                        Bundesversammlung (in German),
                                        Assemblee Federale (in French),
                                        Assemblea Federale (in Italian)
                                        consists of the Council of States or
                                        Standerat (in German), Conseil des
                                        Etats (in French), Consiglio degli
                                        Stati (in Italian) (46 seats -
                                        members serve four-year terms) and
                                        the National Council or Nationalrat
                                        (in German), Conseil National (in
                                        French), Consiglio Nazionale (in
                                        Italian) (200 seats - members are
                                        elected by popular vote on the basis
                                        of proportional representation to
                                        serve four-year terms)
                                        elections: Council of States - last
                                        held NA 1999 (each canton determines
                                        when the next election will be
                                        held); National Council - last held
                                        24 October 1999 (next to be held NA
                                        October 2003)
                                        election results: Council of States
                                        - percent of vote by party - NA%;
                                        seats by party - FDP 18, CVP 15, SVP
                                        7, SPS 6; National Council - percent
                                        of vote by party - SPS 22.5%, SVP
                                        22.6%, FDP 19.9%, CVP 15.8%, other
                                        small parties all under 5%; seats by
                                        party - SPS 51, SVP 44, FDP 43, CVP
                                        35, Green Party 9, other small
                                        parties 18
                       Judicial branch: Federal Supreme Court (judges
                                        elected for six-year terms by the
                                        Federal Assembly)
         Political parties and leaders: Christian Democratic People's Party
                                        (Christichdemokratische Volkspartei
                                        der Schweiz or CVP, Parti Democrate-
                                        Chretien Suisse or PDC, Partito
                                        Democratico-Cristiano Popolare
                                        Svizzero or PDC, Partida
                                        Cristiandemocratica dalla Svizra or
                                        PCD) [Philipp STAEHELIN, president];
                                        Green Party (Grune Partei der
                                        Schweiz or Grune, Parti Ecologiste
                                        Suisse or Les Verts, Partito
                                        Ecologista Svizzero or I Verdi,
                                        Partida Ecologica Svizra or La
                                        Verda) [Ruth GENNER and Patrice
                                        MUGNY, co-presidents]; Radical Free
                                        Democratic Party (Freisinnig-
                                        Demokratische Partei der Schweiz or
                                        FDP, Parti Radical-Democratique
                                        Suisse or PRD, Partitio Liberal-
                                        Radicale Svizzero or PLR) [Gerold
                                        BUEHRER, president]; Social
                                        Democratic Party
                                        (Sozialdemokratische Partei der
                                        Schweiz or SPS, Parti Socialist
                                        Suisse or PSS, Partito Socialista
                                        Svizzero or PSS, Partida
                                        Socialdemocratica de la Svizra or
                                        PSS) [Christiane BRUNNER,
                                        president]; Swiss People's Party
                                        (Schweizerische Volkspartei or SVP,
                                        Union Democratique du Centre or UDC,
                                        Unione Democratica de Centro or UDC,
                                        Uniun Democratica dal Center or UDC)
                                        [Ueli MAURER, president]; and other
                                        minor parties
          Political pressure groups and NA
                               leaders:
             International organization ACCT, AfDB, AsDB, Australia Group,
                         participation: BIS, CCC, CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, ECE,
                                        EFTA, ESA, FAO, G-10, IADB, IAEA,
                                        IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA,
                                        IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF,
                                        IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU,
                                        LAIA (observer), MONUC, NAM (guest),
                                        NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD,
                                        OPCW, OSCE, PCA, PFP, UN (observer),
                                        UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO,
                                        UNITAR, UNMEE, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNMOP,
                                        UNOMIG, UNTSO, UNU, UPU, WCL, WHO,
                                        WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO, ZC
   Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador
                                        Christian BLICKENSTORFER
                                        consulate(s): Boston
                                        consulate(s) general: Atlanta,
                                        Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, New
                                        York, and San Francisco
                                        FAX: [1] (202) 387-2564
                                        telephone: [1] (202) 745-7900
                                        chancery: 2900 Cathedral Avenue NW,
                                        Washington, DC 20008
     Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Mercer
                                    US: REYNOLDS III
                                        embassy: Jubilaeumstrasse 93, 3001
                                        Bern
                                        mailing address: use embassy street
                                        address
                                        telephone: [41] (031) 357 70 11
                                        FAX: [41] (031) 357 73 44
                      Flag description: red square with a bold, equilateral
                                        white cross in the center that does
                                        not extend to the edges of the flag
  
   Economy Switzerland
   -------------------
                    Economy - overview: Switzerland is a prosperous and
                                        stable modern market economy with a
                                        per capita GDP higher than that of
                                        the big western European economies.
                                        The Swiss in recent years have
                                        brought their economic practices
                                        largely into conformity with the
                                        EU's to enhance their international
                                        competitiveness. Although the Swiss
                                        are not pursuing full EU membership
                                        in the near term, in 1999 Bern and
                                        Brussels signed agreements to
                                        further liberalize trade ties. They
                                        continue to discuss further areas
                                        for cooperation. Switzerland remains
                                        a safe haven for investors, because
                                        it has maintained a degree of bank
                                        secrecy and has kept up the franc's
                                        long-term external value. The GDP
                                        growth rate dipped to 1.6% in 2001,
                                        and the government projects that it
                                        will slow further to 1.3% in 2002.
                                   GDP: purchasing power parity - $226
                                        billion (2001 est.)
                GDP - real growth rate: 1.6% (2001 est.)
                      GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $31,100
                                        (2001 est.)
           GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 2%
                                        industry: 34%
                                        services: 64% (2001 est.)
         Population below poverty line: NA%
     Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 2.8%
                      percentage share: highest 10%: 25.2% (1992)
   Distribution of family income - Gini 33.1 (1992)
                                 index:
      Inflation rate (consumer prices): 1% (2001)
                           Labor force: 4 million (2001)
           Labor force - by occupation: services 69.1%, industry 26.3%,
                                        agriculture 4.6% (1998)
                     Unemployment rate: 1.8% (2001)
                                Budget: revenues: $30 billion
                                        expenditures: $30 billion, including
                                        capital expenditures of $NA (2001
                                        est.)
                            Industries: machinery, chemicals, watches,
                                        textiles, precision instruments
     Industrial production growth rate: 3.2% (2001)
              Electricity - production: 64.182 billion kWh (2000)
    Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 3.96%
                                        hydro: 56.81%
                                        other: 2.3% (2000)
                                        nuclear: 36.93%
             Electricity - consumption: 52.62 billion kWh (2000)
                 Electricity - exports: 31.4 billion kWh (2000)
                 Electricity - imports: 24.33 billion kWh (2000)
                Agriculture - products: grains, fruits, vegetables; meat,
                                        eggs
                               Exports: $91.4 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                 Exports - commodities: machinery, chemicals, metals,
                                        watches, agricultural products
                    Exports - partners: EU 59% (Germany 21%, France 9%,
                                        Italy 8%, UK 6%, Austria 3%), US
                                        13%, Japan 4% (2000)
                               Imports: $91.4 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                 Imports - commodities: machinery, chemicals, vehicles,
                                        metals; agricultural products,
                                        textiles
                    Imports - partners: EU 74% (Germany 29%, France 10%,
                                        Italy 9%, Netherlands 6%, UK 6%), US
                                        8%, Japan 3% (2000)
                       Debt - external: $NA
                  Economic aid - donor: ODA, $1.1 billion (1995)
                              Currency: Swiss franc (CHF)
                         Currency code: CHF
                        Exchange rates: Swiss francs per US dollar - 1.6668
                                        (January 2002), 1.6876 (2001),
                                        1.6888 (2000), 1.5022 (1999), 1.4498
                                        (1998), 1.4513 (1997)
                           Fiscal year: calendar year
  
   Communications Switzerland
   --------------------------
        Telephones - main lines in use: 4.82 million (1998)
          Telephones - mobile cellular: 1.967 million (1999)
                      Telephone system: general assessment: excellent
                                        domestic and international services
                                        domestic: extensive cable and
                                        microwave radio relay networks
                                        international: satellite earth
                                        stations - 2 Intelsat (Atlantic
                                        Ocean and Indian Ocean)
              Radio broadcast stations: AM 4, FM 113 (plus many low power
                                        stations), shortwave 2 (1998)
                                Radios: 7.1 million (1997)
         Television broadcast stations: 115 (plus 1,919 repeaters) (1995)
                           Televisions: 3.31 million (1997)
                 Internet country code: .ch
     Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 44 (Switzerland and Liechtenstein)
                                        (2000)
                        Internet users: 3.41 million (2001)
  
   Transportation Switzerland
   --------------------------
                              Railways: total: 4,406 km
                                        standard gauge: 3,440 km 1.435-
                                        m gauge
                                        dual gauge: 56 km 1.435-m and 1.000-
                                        m gauges (3 rail system)
                                        note: Swiss railways are virtually
                                        all electrified (2001)
                                        narrow gauge: 900 km 1.000-m gauge;
                                        10 km 0.800-m gauge
                              Highways: total: 71,059 km (including 1,638 km
                                        of expressways)
                                        paved: 71,059 km
                                        unpaved: 0 km (1999)
                             Waterways: 65 km
                                        note: The Rhine carries heavy
                                        traffic on the Basel-Rheinfelden and
                                        Schaffhausen-Bodensee stretches;
                                        there are also 12 navigable lakes
                             Pipelines: crude oil 314 km; natural gas 1,506
                                        km
                     Ports and harbors: Basel
                       Merchant marine: total: 26 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                        totaling 509,943 GRT/896,309 DWT
                                        ships by type: bulk 15, cargo 6,
                                        chemical tanker 4, petroleum tanker
                                        1
                                        note: includes some foreign-owned
                                        ships registered here as a flag of
                                        convenience:, United Kingdom 6,
                                        United States 1 (2002 est.)
                              Airports: 66 (2001)
         Airports - with paved runways: total: 42
                                        over 3,047 m: 3
                                        2,438 to 3,047 m: 5
                                        914 to 1,523 m: 8
                                        under 914 m: 15 (2001)
                                        1,524 to 2,437 m: 11
       Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 24
                                        under 914 m: 24 (2001)
                             Heliports: 1 (2001)
  
   Military Switzerland
   --------------------
                       Military branches: Army, Air Force, Frontier Guards,
                                          Fortification Guards
        Military manpower - military age: 20 years of age (2002 est.)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 1,841,867 (2002
                                          est.)
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 1,561,689 (2002
                                 service: est.)
    Military manpower - reaching military males: 42,597 (2002 est.)
                            age annually:
           Military expenditures - dollar $2.548 billion (FY01)
                                  figure:
       Military expenditures - percent of 1% (FY01)
                                     GDP:
  
   Transnational Issues Switzerland
   --------------------------------
              Disputes - international: none
                         Illicit drugs: because of more stringent government
                                        regulations, used significantly less
                                        as a money-laundering center;
                                        transit country for and consumer of
                                        South American cocaine and Southwest
                                        Asian heroin
  
                                       



3. U.S. Gazetteer Counties (2000)
Switzerland -- U.S. County in Indiana
   Population (2000):    9065
   Housing Units (2000): 4226
   Land area (2000):     221.181032 sq. miles (572.856219 sq. km)
   Water area (2000):    2.340200 sq. miles (6.061090 sq. km)
   Total area (2000):    223.521232 sq. miles (578.917309 sq. km)
   Located within:       Indiana (IN), FIPS 18
   Location:             38.820999 N, 84.989245 W
   Headwords:
    Switzerland
    Switzerland, IN
    Switzerland County
    Switzerland County, IN


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