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World Gazetteer Results for Papagaios:
Geographical TypeLocality
Administrative DivisionMinas Gerais
Dictionary Results for Brazil:
1. WordNet® 3.0 (2006)
    n 1: the largest Latin American country and the largest
         Portuguese speaking country in the world; located in the
         central and northeastern part of South America; world's
         leading coffee exporter [syn: Brazil, Federative
         Republic of Brazil, Brasil]
    2: three-sided tropical American nut with white oily meat and
       hard brown shell [syn: brazil nut, brazil]

2. The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (18 March 2015)

   An operating system from Acorn Computers used on an ARM
   card which could be fitted to an IBM PC.  There was also an
   ARM second processor for the BBC Microcomputer which used
   Brazil.  Never used on the Archimedes(?).


3. CIA World Factbook 2002

   Introduction Brazil
                            Background: Following three centuries under the
                                        rule of Portugal, Brazil became an
                                        independent nation in 1822. By far
                                        the largest and most populous
                                        country in South America, Brazil has
                                        overcome more than half a century of
                                        military intervention in the
                                        governance of the country to pursue
                                        industrial and agricultural growth
                                        and development of the interior.
                                        Exploiting vast natural resources
                                        and a large labor pool, Brazil
                                        became South America's leading
                                        economic power by the 1970s. Highly
                                        unequal income distribution remains
                                        a pressing problem.
   Geography Brazil
                              Location: Eastern South America, bordering the
                                        Atlantic Ocean
                Geographic coordinates: 10 00 S, 55 00 W
                        Map references: South America
                                  Area: total: 8,511,965 sq km
                                        land: 8,456,510 sq km
                                        note: includes Arquipelago de
                                        Fernando de Noronha, Atol das Rocas,
                                        Ilha da Trindade, Ilhas Martin Vaz,
                                        and Penedos de Sao Pedro e Sao Paulo
                                        water: 55,455 sq km
                    Area - comparative: slightly smaller than the US
                       Land boundaries: total: 14,691 km
                                        border countries: Argentina 1,224
                                        km, Bolivia 3,400 km, Colombia 1,643
                                        km, French Guiana 673 km, Guyana
                                        1,119 km, Paraguay 1,290 km, Peru
                                        1,560 km, Suriname 597 km, Uruguay
                                        985 km, Venezuela 2,200 km
                             Coastline: 7,491 km
                       Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
                                        territorial sea: 12 NM
                                        continental shelf: 200 NM or to edge
                                        of the continental margin
                                        exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                               Climate: mostly tropical, but temperate in
                               Terrain: mostly flat to rolling lowlands in
                                        north; some plains, hills,
                                        mountains, and narrow coastal belt
                    Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
                                        highest point: Pico da Neblina 3,014
                     Natural resources: bauxite, gold, iron ore, manganese,
                                        nickel, phosphates, platinum, tin,
                                        uranium, petroleum, hydropower,
                              Land use: arable land: 6.3%
                                        permanent crops: 1.42%
                                        other: 92.28% (1998 est.)
                        Irrigated land: 26,560 sq km (1998 est.)
                       Natural hazards: recurring droughts in northeast;
                                        floods and occasional frost in south
          Environment - current issues: deforestation in Amazon Basin
                                        destroys the habitat and endangers a
                                        multitude of plant and animal
                                        species indigenous to the area;
                                        there is a lucrative illegal
                                        wildlife trade; air and water
                                        pollution in Rio de Janeiro, Sao
                                        Paulo, and several other large
                                        cities; land degradation and water
                                        pollution caused by improper mining
                                        activities; wetland degradation;
                                        severe oil spills
            Environment - international party to: Antarctic-Environmental
                            agreements: Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living
                                        Resources, Antarctic Seals,
                                        Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity,
                                        Climate Change, Desertification,
                                        Endangered Species, Environmental
                                        Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law
                                        of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear
                                        Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection,
                                        Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83,
                                        Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands,
                                        signed, but not ratified: Climate
                                        Change-Kyoto Protocol
                      Geography - note: largest country in South America;
                                        shares common boundaries with every
                                        South American country except Chile
                                        and Ecuador
   People Brazil
                            Population: 176,029,560
                                        note: Brazil took an intercensal
                                        count in August 1996 which reported
                                        a population of 157,079,573; that
                                        figure was about 5% lower than
                                        projections by the US Census Bureau,
                                        which is close to the implied
                                        underenumeration of 4.6% for the
                                        1991 census; estimates for this
                                        country explicitly take into account
                                        the effects of excess mortality due
                                        to AIDS; this can result in lower
                                        life expectancy, higher infant
                                        mortality and death rates, lower
                                        population and growth rates, and
                                        changes in the distribution of
                                        population by age and sex than would
                                        otherwise be expected (July 2002
                         Age structure: 0-14 years: 28% (male 25,140,954;
                                        female 24,199,276)
                                        15-64 years: 66.4% (male 57,424,151;
                                        female 59,409,928)
                                        65 years and over: 5.6% (male
                                        3,992,017; female 5,863,234) (2002
                Population growth rate: 0.87% (2002 est.)
                            Birth rate: 18.08 births/1,000 population (2002
                            Death rate: 9.32 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                    Net migration rate: -0.03 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                        (2002 est.)
                             Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                        under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                        15-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
                                        65 years and over: 0.68 male(s)/
                                        total population: 0.97 male(s)/
                                        female (2002 est.)
                 Infant mortality rate: 35.87 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
              Life expectancy at birth: total population: 63.55 years
                                        female: 67.91 years (2002 est.)
                                        male: 59.4 years
                  Total fertility rate: 2.05 children born/woman (2002 est.)
      HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.57% (1999 est.)
     HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 540,000 (1999 est.)
                     HIV/AIDS - deaths: 18,000 (1999 est.)
                           Nationality: noun: Brazilian(s)
                                        adjective: Brazilian
                         Ethnic groups: white (includes Portuguese, German,
                                        Italian, Spanish, Polish) 55%, mixed
                                        white and black 38%, black 6%, other
                                        (includes Japanese, Arab,
                                        Amerindian) 1%
                             Religions: Roman Catholic (nominal) 80%
                             Languages: Portuguese (official), Spanish,
                                        English, French
                              Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                        and write
                                        total population: 83.3%
                                        male: 83.3%
                                        female: 83.2% (1995 est.)
   Government Brazil
                          Country name: conventional long form: Federative
                                        Republic of Brazil
                                        conventional short form: Brazil
                                        local short form: Brasil
                                        local long form: Republica
                                        Federativa do Brasil
                       Government type: federative republic
                               Capital: Brasilia
              Administrative divisions: 26 states (estados, singular -
                                        estado) and 1 federal district*
                                        (distrito federal); Acre, Alagoas,
                                        Amapa, Amazonas, Bahia, Ceara,
                                        Distrito Federal*, Espirito Santo,
                                        Goias, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Mato
                                        Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Para,
                                        Paraiba, Parana, Pernambuco, Piaui,
                                        Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte,
                                        Rio Grande do Sul, Rondonia,
                                        Roraima, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo,
                                        Sergipe, Tocantins
                          Independence: 7 September 1822 (from Portugal)
                      National holiday: Independence Day, 7 September (1822)
                          Constitution: 5 October 1988
                          Legal system: based on Roman codes; has not
                                        accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
                              Suffrage: voluntary between 16 and 18 years of
                                        age and over 70; compulsory over 18
                                        and under 70 years of age
                      Executive branch: chief of state: President Fernando
                                        Henrique CARDOSO (since 1 January
                                        1995); Vice President Marco MACIEL
                                        (since 1 January 1995); note - the
                                        president is both the chief of state
                                        and head of government
                                        election results: Fernando Henrique
                                        CARDOSO reelected president; percent
                                        of vote - 53%
                                        elections: president and vice
                                        president elected on the same ticket
                                        by popular vote for four-year terms;
                                        election last held 4 October 1998
                                        (next to be held 6 October 2002)
                                        cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the
                                        head of government: President
                                        Fernando Henrique CARDOSO (since 1
                                        January 1995); Vice President Marco
                                        MACIEL (since 1 January 1995); note
                                        - the president is both the chief of
                                        state and head of government
                    Legislative branch: bicameral National Congress or
                                        Congresso Nacional consists of the
                                        Federal Senate or Senado Federal (81
                                        seats; three members from each state
                                        or federal district elected
                                        according to the principle of
                                        majority to serve eight-year terms;
                                        one-third elected after a four-year
                                        period, two-thirds elected after the
                                        next four-year period) and the
                                        Chamber of Deputies or Camara dos
                                        Deputados (513 seats; members are
                                        elected by proportional
                                        representation to serve four-year
                                        election results: Federal Senate -
                                        percent of vote by party - NA%;
                                        seats by party PMBD 27, PFL 20, PSDB
                                        16, PT 7, PPB 5, PSB 3, PDT 2, PPS
                                        1; Chamber of Deputies - percent of
                                        vote by party - NA%; seats by party
                                        - PFL 106, PSDB 99, PMDB 82, PPB 60,
                                        PT 58, PTB 31, PDT 25, PSB 19, PL
                                        12, PCdoB 7, other 14
                                        note: Federal Senate - seats by
                                        party (as of January 2002) - PMDB
                                        24, PFL 18, PSDB 13, PT 7, PDT 5,
                                        PSB 4, PTB 4, PPB 2, PPS 2, PL 1,
                                        independent 1; Chamber of Deputies -
                                        seats by party (as of January 2002)
                                        - PFL 96, PSDB 93, PMDB 90, PT 59,
                                        PPB 49, PTB 33, PL 24, PDT 17, PSB
                                        16, PPS 13, PCdoB 10, other 13
                                        elections: Federal Senate - last
                                        held 4 October 1998 for one-third of
                                        the Senate (next to be held 6
                                        October 2002 for two-thirds of the
                                        Senate); Chamber of Deputies - last
                                        held 4 October 1998 (next to be held
                                        6 October 2002)
                       Judicial branch: Supreme Federal Tribunal (11
                                        ministers are appointed by the
                                        president and confirmed by the
                                        Senate); Higher Tribunal of Justice;
                                        Regional Federal Tribunals (judges
                                        are appointed for life)
         Political parties and leaders: Brazilian Democratic Movement Party
                                        or PMDB [Michel TEMER, president];
                                        Brazilian Labor Party or PTB [Jose
                                        Carlos MARTINEZ, president];
                                        Brazilian Social Democracy Party or
                                        PSDB [Senator Jose ANIBAL,
                                        president]; Brazilian Socialist
                                        Party or PSB [Miguel ARRAES,
                                        president]; Brazilian Progressive
                                        Party or PPB [Paulo Salim MALUF];
                                        Communist Party of Brazil or PCdoB
                                        [Renato RABELLO, chairman];
                                        Democratic Labor Party or PDT
                                        [Leonel BRIZOLA, president]; Liberal
                                        Front Party or PFL [Jorge
                                        BORNHAUSEN, president]; Liberal
                                        Party or PL [Deputy Valdemar COSTA
                                        Neto, president]; Popular Socialist
                                        Party or PPS [Senator Roberto
                                        FREIRE, president]; Worker's Party
                                        or PT [Jose DIRCEU, president]
          Political pressure groups and left wing of the Catholic Church,
                               leaders: Landless Worker's Movement, and
                                        labor unions allied to leftist
                                        Worker's Party are critical of
                                        government's social and economic
             International organization AfDB, BIS, CCC, ECLAC, FAO, G-15, G-
                         participation: 19, G-24, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD,
                                        ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD,
                                        IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO,
                                        Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO,
                                        ITU, LAES, LAIA, Mercosur, NAM
                                        (observer), NSG, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW,
                                        PCA, RG, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR,
                                        UNIDO, UNITAR, UNMOP, UNMOVIC,
                                        UNTAET, UNU, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO,
                                        WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
   Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Rubens
                                        Antonio BARBOSA
                                        FAX: [1] (202) 238-2827
                                        consulate(s) general: Boston,
                                        Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles,
                                        Miami, New York, and San Francisco
                                        chancery: 3006 Massachusetts Avenue
                                        NW, Washington, DC 20008
                                        telephone: [1] (202) 238-2700
     Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Donna
                                    US: J. HRINAK
                                        embassy: Avenida das Nacoes, Quadra
                                        801, Lote 3, Distrito Federal Cep
                                        70403-900, Brasilia
                                        mailing address: Unit 3500, APO AA
                                        telephone: [55] (061) 321-7272
                                        FAX: [55] (061) 225-9136
                                        consulate(s) general: Rio de
                                        Janeiro, Sao Paulo
                                        consulate(s): Recife
                      Flag description: green with a large yellow diamond in
                                        the center bearing a blue celestial
                                        globe with 27 white five-pointed
                                        stars (one for each state and the
                                        Federal District) arranged in the
                                        same pattern as the night sky over
                                        Brazil; the globe has a white
                                        equatorial band with the motto ORDEM
                                        E PROGRESSO (Order and Progress)
   Economy Brazil
                    Economy - overview: Possessing large and well-developed
                                        agricultural, mining, manufacturing,
                                        and service sectors, Brazil's
                                        economy outweighs that of all other
                                        South American countries and is
                                        expanding its presence in world
                                        markets. The maintenance of large
                                        current account deficits via capital
                                        account surpluses became problematic
                                        as investors became more risk averse
                                        to emerging market exposure as a
                                        consequence of the Asian financial
                                        crisis in 1997 and the Russian bond
                                        default in August 1998. After
                                        crafting a fiscal adjustment program
                                        and pledging progress on structural
                                        reform, Brazil received a $41.5
                                        billion IMF-led international
                                        support program in November 1998. In
                                        January 1999, the Brazilian Central
                                        Bank announced that the real would
                                        no longer be pegged to the US
                                        dollar. This devaluation helped
                                        moderate the downturn in economic
                                        growth in 1999 that investors had
                                        expressed concerns about over the
                                        summer of 1998, and the country
                                        posted moderate GDP growth. Economic
                                        growth slowed considerably in 2001 -
                                        to less than 2% - because of a
                                        slowdown in major markets and the
                                        hiking of interest rates by the
                                        Central Bank to combat inflationary
                                        pressures. Investor confidence was
                                        strong at yearend 2001, in part
                                        because of the strong recovery in
                                        the trade balance.
                                   GDP: purchasing power parity - $1.34
                                        trillion (2001 est.)
                GDP - real growth rate: 1.9% (2001 est.)
                      GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $7,400
                                        (2000 est.)
           GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 9%
                                        industry: 32%
                                        services: 59% (2000 est.)
         Population below poverty line: 22% (1998 est.)
     Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 1%
                      percentage share: highest 10%: 46.7% (1997)
   Distribution of family income - Gini 59.1 (1997)
      Inflation rate (consumer prices): 7.7% (2001)
                           Labor force: 79 million (1999 est.)
           Labor force - by occupation: services 53%, agriculture 23%,
                                        industry 24%
                     Unemployment rate: 6.4% (2001 est.)
                                Budget: revenues: $100.6 billion
                                        expenditures: $91.6 billion,
                                        including capital expenditures of
                                        $NA (2000)
                            Industries: textiles, shoes, chemicals, cement,
                                        lumber, iron ore, tin, steel,
                                        aircraft, motor vehicles and parts,
                                        other machinery and equipment
     Industrial production growth rate: 1% (2001 est.)
              Electricity - production: 342.302 billion kWh (2000)
    Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 5.85%
                                        other: 3.74% (2000)
                                        hydro: 88.97%
                                        nuclear: 1.44%
             Electricity - consumption: 360.641 billion kWh (2000)
                 Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                 Electricity - imports: 42.3 billion kWh
                                        note: supplied by Paraguay (2000)
                Agriculture - products: coffee, soybeans, wheat, rice, corn,
                                        sugarcane, cocoa, citrus; beef
                               Exports: $57.8 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                 Exports - commodities: manufactures, iron ore, soybeans,
                                        footwear, coffee, autos
                    Exports - partners: US 24.4%, Argentina 11.2%, Germany
                                        8.7%, Japan 5.5%, Italy 3.9%,
                                        Netherlands (2001)
                               Imports: $57.7 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                 Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, chemical
                                        products, oil, electricity, autos
                                        and auto parts
                    Imports - partners: US 23.2%, Argentina 11.2%, Germany
                                        8.7%, Japan 5.5%, Italy 3.9% (2001)
                       Debt - external: $251 billion (2001)
              Economic aid - recipient: NA
                              Currency: real (BRL)
                         Currency code: BRL
                        Exchange rates: reals per US dollar - 2.378 (January
                                        2002), 2.358 (2001), 1.830 (2000),
                                        1.815 (1999), 1.161 (1998), 1.078
                                        note: from October 1994 through 14
                                        January 1999, the official rate was
                                        determined by a managed float; since
                                        15 January 1999, the official rate
                                        floats independently with respect to
                                        the US dollar
                           Fiscal year: calendar year
   Communications Brazil
        Telephones - main lines in use: 17.039 million (1997)
          Telephones - mobile cellular: 4.4 million (1997)
                      Telephone system: general assessment: good working
                                        domestic: extensive microwave radio
                                        relay system and a domestic
                                        satellite system with 64 earth
                                        international: 3 coaxial submarine
                                        cables; satellite earth stations - 3
                                        Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean), 1
                                        Inmarsat (Atlantic Ocean region
                                        east), connected by microwave relay
                                        system to Mercosur Brazilsat B3
                                        satellite earth station
              Radio broadcast stations: AM 1,365, FM 296, shortwave 161 (of
                                        which 91 are collocated with AM
                                        stations) (1999)
                                Radios: 71 million (1997)
         Television broadcast stations: 138 (1997)
                           Televisions: 36.5 million (1997)
                 Internet country code: .br
     Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 50 (2000)
                        Internet users: 11.94 million (2001)
   Transportation Brazil
                              Railways: total:
                                        broad gauge: 5,679 km 1.600-m gauge
                                        (1,199 km electrified)
                                        narrow gauge: 24,666 km 1.000-
                                        m gauge (930 km electrified)
                                        dual gauge: 336 km 1.000-m and
                                        1.600-m gauges (three rails)
                                        standard gauge: 194 km 1.440-m gauge
                                        note: in addition to the interurban
                                        routes itemized above, Brazil has
                                        247.8 km of suburban railway
                                        consisting of 170.8 km of 1.600-
                                        m gauge (75 km electrified) and 77
                                        km of 1.000-m gauge (1999 est.)
                              Highways: total: 1.98 million km
                                        paved: 184,140 km
                                        unpaved: 1,795,860 km (1996)
                             Waterways: 50,000 km
                             Pipelines: crude oil 2,980 km; petroleum
                                        products 4,762 km; natural gas 4,246
                                        km (1998)
                     Ports and harbors: Belem, Fortaleza, Ilheus, Imbituba,
                                        Manaus, Paranagua, Porto Alegre,
                                        Recife, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande,
                                        Salvador, Santos, Vitoria
                       Merchant marine: total: 165 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                        totaling 3,662,570 GRT/5,875,933 DWT
                                        note: includes some foreign-owned
                                        ships registered here as a flag of
                                        convenience: Chile 2, Germany 6,
                                        Greece 1, Monaco 1 (2002 est.)
                                        ships by type: bulk 32, cargo 25,
                                        chemical tanker 5, combination ore/
                                        oil 9, container 12, liquefied gas
                                        11, multi-functional large-load
                                        carrier 1, passenger/cargo 5,
                                        petroleum tanker 54, roll on/roll
                                        off 10, short-sea passenger 1
                              Airports: 3,365 (2001)
         Airports - with paved runways: total: 627
                                        over 3,047 m: 6
                                        2,438 to 3,047 m: 21
                                        1,524 to 2,437 m: 153
                                        914 to 1,523 m: 407
                                        under 914 m: 40 (2001)
       Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 2,738
                                        1,524 to 2,437 m: 72
                                        914 to 1,523 m: 1,316
                                        under 914 m: 1,350 (2001)
   Military Brazil
                     Military branches: Brazilian Army, Brazilian Navy
                                        (includes naval air and marines),
                                        Brazilian Air Force, Federal Police
      Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age (2002 est.)
      Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 48,859,610 (2002
   Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 32,743,504 (2002
                               service: est.)
           Military manpower - reaching males: 1,762,740 (2002 est.)
                 military age annually:
         Military expenditures - dollar $13.408 billion (FY99)
     Military expenditures - percent of 1.9% (FY99)
   Transnational Issues Brazil
              Disputes - international: uncontested dispute with Uruguay
                                        over islands in the Rio Quarai (Rio
                                        Cuareim) and the Arroio Invernada
                                        (Arroyo de la Invernada)
                         Illicit drugs: illicit producer of cannabis; minor
                                        coca cultivation in the Amazon
                                        region, used for domestic
                                        consumption; government has a large-
                                        scale eradication program to control
                                        cannabis; important transshipment
                                        country for Colombian and Peruvian
                                        cocaine headed for the US and
                                        Europe; also used by traffickers as
                                        a way station for narcotics air
                                        transshipments between Peru and
                                        Colombia; upsurge in drug-related
                                        violence and weapons smuggling;
                                        important market for Colombian,
                                        Bolivian, and Peruvian cocaine

4. U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000)
Brazil, IN -- U.S. city in Indiana
   Population (2000):    8188
   Housing Units (2000): 3740
   Land area (2000):     3.341280 sq. miles (8.653876 sq. km)
   Water area (2000):    0.028175 sq. miles (0.072973 sq. km)
   Total area (2000):    3.369455 sq. miles (8.726849 sq. km)
   FIPS code:            07174
   Located within:       Indiana (IN), FIPS 18
   Location:             39.525030 N, 87.127380 W
   ZIP Codes (1990):     47834
   Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
    Brazil, IN

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