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World Gazetteer Results for Pando:
NamePando
Geographical TypeLocality
Population2560
Latitude
Longitude
CountryPhilippines
Administrative DivisionCentral Luzon
2nd Administrative DivisionTarlac
Dictionary Results for Philippines:
1. WordNet® 3.0 (2006)
Philippines
    n 1: a republic on the Philippine Islands; achieved independence
         from the United States in 1946 [syn: Philippines,
         Republic of the Philippines]
    2: an archipelago in the southwestern Pacific including some
       7000 islands [syn: Philippines, Philippine Islands]

2. The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48
Philippines \Philippines\ prop. n.
   An East Asian country occupying the Phillipine Islands.

   Syn: Republic of the Philippines.
        [WordNet 1.5]

   2. An archipelago off the eastern coast of Asia.

   Syn: Philippine Islands.
        [WordNet 1.5]

3. CIA World Factbook 2002
Philippines

   Introduction Philippines
   ------------------------
                            Background: The Philippines were ceded by Spain
                                        to the US in 1898 following the
                                        Spanish-American War. They attained
                                        their independence in 1946 after
                                        Japanese occupation in World War II.
                                        The 21-year rule of Ferdinand MARCOS
                                        ended in 1986 when a widespread
                                        popular rebellion forced him into
                                        exile. In 1992, the US closed its
                                        last military bases on the islands.
                                        The Philippines has had two
                                        electoral presidential transitions
                                        since Marcos' removal by "people
                                        power." In January 2001, the Supreme
                                        Court declared Joseph ESTRADA unable
                                        to rule in view of mass resignations
                                        from his government and administered
                                        the oath of office to Vice President
                                        Gloria MACAPAGAL-ARROYO as his
                                        constitutional successor. The
                                        government continues to struggle
                                        with ongoing Muslim insurgencies in
                                        the south.
  
   Geography Philippines
   ---------------------
                              Location: Southeastern Asia, archipelago
                                        between the Philippine Sea and the
                                        South China Sea, east of Vietnam
                Geographic coordinates: 13 00 N, 122 00 E
                        Map references: Southeast Asia
                                  Area: total: 300,000 sq km
                                        water: 1,830 sq km
                                        land: 298,170 sq km
                    Area - comparative: slightly larger than Arizona
                       Land boundaries: 0 km
                             Coastline: 36,289 km
                       Maritime claims: continental shelf: to depth of
                                        exploitation
                                        territorial sea: irregular polygon
                                        extending up to 100 NM from
                                        coastline as defined by 1898 treaty;
                                        since late 1970s has also claimed
                                        polygonal-shaped area in South China
                                        Sea up to 285 NM in breadth
                                        exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                               Climate: tropical marine; northeast monsoon
                                        (November to April); southwest
                                        monsoon (May to October)
                               Terrain: mostly mountains with narrow to
                                        extensive coastal lowlands
                    Elevation extremes: lowest point: Philippine Sea 0 m
                                        highest point: Mount Apo 2,954 m
                     Natural resources: timber, petroleum, nickel, cobalt,
                                        silver, gold, salt, copper
                              Land use: arable land: 18.45%
                                        permanent crops: 14.76%
                                        other: 66.8% (1998 est.)
                        Irrigated land: 15,500 sq km (1998 est.)
                       Natural hazards: astride typhoon belt, usually
                                        affected by 15 and struck by five to
                                        six cyclonic storms per year;
                                        landslides; active volcanoes;
                                        destructive earthquakes; tsunamis
          Environment - current issues: uncontrolled deforestation in
                                        watershed areas; soil erosion; air
                                        and water pollution in Manila;
                                        increasing pollution of coastal
                                        mangrove swamps which are important
                                        fish breeding grounds
            Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                            agreements: Change, Desertification, Endangered
                                        Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of
                                        the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear
                                        Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection,
                                        Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83,
                                        Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
                                        signed, but not ratified: Climate
                                        Change-Kyoto Protocol
                      Geography - note: favorably located in relation to
                                        many of Southeast Asia's main water
                                        bodies: the South China Sea,
                                        Philippine Sea, Sulu Sea, Celebes
                                        Sea, and Luzon Strait
  
   People Philippines
   ------------------
                            Population: 84,525,639 (July 2002 est.)
                         Age structure: 0-14 years: 36.6% (male 15,731,451;
                                        female 15,169,264)
                                        15-64 years: 59.7% (male 24,990,500;
                                        female 25,478,245)
                                        65 years and over: 3.7% (male
                                        1,399,862; female 1,756,317) (2002
                                        est.)
                Population growth rate: 1.99% (2002 est.)
                            Birth rate: 26.88 births/1,000 population (2002
                                        est.)
                            Death rate: 5.95 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                        est.)
                    Net migration rate: -1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002
                                        est.)
                             Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                        under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                        15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
                                        65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/
                                        female
                                        total population: 0.99 male(s)/
                                        female (2002 est.)
                 Infant mortality rate: 27.87 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                        est.)
              Life expectancy at birth: total population: 68.12 years
                                        female: 71.12 years (2002 est.)
                                        male: 65.26 years
                  Total fertility rate: 3.35 children born/woman (2002 est.)
      HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.07% (1999 est.)
     HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 28,000 (1999 est.)
                                  AIDS:
                     HIV/AIDS - deaths: 1,200 (1999 est.)
                           Nationality: noun: Filipino(s)
                                        adjective: Philippine
                         Ethnic groups: Christian Malay 91.5%, Muslim Malay
                                        4%, Chinese 1.5%, other 3%
                             Religions: Roman Catholic 83%, Protestant 9%,
                                        Muslim 5%, Buddhist and other 3%
                             Languages: two official languages - Filipino
                                        (based on Tagalog) and English;
                                        eight major dialects - Tagalog,
                                        Cebuano, Ilocan, Hiligaynon or
                                        Ilonggo, Bicol, Waray, Pampango, and
                                        Pangasinense
                              Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                        and write
                                        total population: 94.6%
                                        male: 95%
                                        female: 94.3% (1995 est.)
  
   Government Philippines
   ----------------------
                          Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                        the Philippines
                                        conventional short form: Philippines
  
                                        local short form: Pilipinas
                                        local long form: Republika ng
                                        Pilipinas
                       Government type: republic
                               Capital: Manila
              Administrative divisions: 73 provinces and 61 chartered
                                        cities*; Abra, Agusan del Norte,
                                        Agusan del Sur, Aklan, Albay,
                                        Angeles*, Antique, Aurora, Bacolod*,
                                        Bago*, Baguio*, Bais*, Basilan,
                                        Basilan City*, Bataan, Batanes,
                                        Batangas, Batangas City*, Benguet,
                                        Bohol, Bukidnon, Bulacan, Butuan*,
                                        Cabanatuan*, Cadiz*, Cagayan,
                                        Cagayan de Oro*, Calbayog*,
                                        Caloocan*, Camarines Norte,
                                        Camarines Sur, Camiguin, Canlaon*,
                                        Capiz, Catanduanes, Cavite, Cavite
                                        City*, Cebu, Cebu City*, Cotabato*,
                                        Dagupan*, Danao*, Dapitan*, Davao
                                        City*, Davao del Norte, Davao del
                                        Sur, Davao Oriental, Dipolog*,
                                        Dumaguete*, Eastern Samar, General
                                        Santos*, Gingoog*, Ifugao, Iligan*,
                                        Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Iloilo,
                                        Iloilo City*, Iriga*, Isabela,
                                        Kalinga-Apayao, La Carlota*, Laguna,
                                        Lanao del Norte, Lanao del Sur,
                                        Laoag*, Lapu-Lapu*, La Union,
                                        Legaspi*, Leyte, Lipa*, Lucena*,
                                        Maguindanao, Mandaue*, Manila*,
                                        Marawi*, Marinduque, Masbate,
                                        Mindoro Occidental, Mindoro
                                        Oriental, Misamis Occidental,
                                        Misamis Oriental, Mountain, Naga*,
                                        Negros Occidental, Negros Oriental,
                                        North Cotabato, Northern Samar,
                                        Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya,
                                        Olongapo*, Ormoc*, Oroquieta*,
                                        Ozamis*, Pagadian*, Palawan,
                                        Palayan*, Pampanga, Pangasinan,
                                        Pasay*, Puerto Princesa*, Quezon,
                                        Quezon City*, Quirino, Rizal,
                                        Romblon, Roxas*, Samar, San Carlos*
                                        (in Negros Occidental), San Carlos*
                                        (in Pangasinan), San Jose*, San
                                        Pablo*, Silay*, Siquijor, Sorsogon,
                                        South Cotabato, Southern Leyte,
                                        Sultan Kudarat, Sulu, Surigao*,
                                        Surigao del Norte, Surigao del Sur,
                                        Tacloban*, Tagaytay*, Tagbilaran*,
                                        Tangub*, Tarlac, Tawi-Tawi, Toledo*,
                                        Trece Martires*, Zambales,
                                        Zamboanga*, Zamboanga del Norte,
                                        Zamboanga del Sur
                          Independence: 4 July 1946 (from US)
                      National holiday: Independence Day (from Spain), 12
                                        June (1898); note - 12 June 1898 is
                                        the date of independence from Spain,
                                        4 July 1946 is the date of
                                        independence from the US
                          Constitution: 2 February 1987, effective 11
                                        February 1987
                          Legal system: based on Spanish and Anglo-American
                                        law; accepts compulsory ICJ
                                        jurisdiction, with reservations
                              Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                      Executive branch: chief of state: President Gloria
                                        MACAPAGAL-ARROYO (since 20 January
                                        2001) and Vice President Teofisto
                                        GUINGONA (since 20 January 2001);
                                        note - the president is both the
                                        chief of state and head of
                                        government
                                        head of government: President Gloria
                                        MACAPAGAL-ARROYO (since 20 January
                                        2001) and Vice President Teofisto
                                        GUINGONA (since 20 January 2001);
                                        note - the president is both the
                                        chief of state and head of
                                        government
                                        cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the
                                        president with the consent of the
                                        Commission of Appointments
                                        elections: president and vice
                                        president elected on separate
                                        tickets by popular vote for six-year
                                        terms; election last held 11 May
                                        1998 (next to be held 16 May 2004)
                                        election results: results of the
                                        last presidential election - Joseph
                                        Ejercito ESTRADA elected president;
                                        percent of vote - approximately 40%;
                                        Gloria MACAPAGAL-ARROYO elected vice
                                        president; percent of vote - 55%;
                                        note - on 20 January 2001, Vice
                                        President Gloria MACAPAGAL-ARROYO
                                        was sworn in as the constitutional
                                        successor to President Joseph
                                        ESTRADA after the Supreme Court
                                        declared that ESTRADA was unable to
                                        rule in view of the mass
                                        resignations from his government;
                                        according to the Constitution, only
                                        in cases of death, permanent
                                        disability, removal from office, or
                                        resignation of the president, can
                                        the vice president serve for the
                                        unexpired term
                    Legislative branch: bicameral Congress or Kongreso
                                        consists of the Senate or Senado (24
                                        seats - one-half elected every three
                                        years; members elected by popular
                                        vote to serve six-year terms) and
                                        the House of Representatives or
                                        Kapulungan Ng Mga Kinatawan (214
                                        seats; members elected by popular
                                        vote to serve three-year terms; note
                                        - additional members may be
                                        appointed by the president but the
                                        Constitution prohibits the House of
                                        Representatives from having more
                                        than 250 members)
                                        elections: Senate - last held 14 May
                                        2001 (next to be held 16 May 2004);
                                        House of Representatives - elections
                                        last held 14 May 2001 (next to be
                                        held 16 May 2004)
                                        election results: Senate - percent
                                        of vote by party - NA%; seats by
                                        party - Lakas 13, PDP-Laban/LDP 11;
                                        House of Representatives - percent
                                        of vote by party - NA%; seats by
                                        party - Lakas 86, NPC 51, LDP 21, LP
                                        20, independents 10, other 26
                       Judicial branch: Supreme Court (justices are
                                        appointed by the president on the
                                        recommendation of the Judicial and
                                        Bar Council and serve until 70 years
                                        of age)
         Political parties and leaders: Kilusang Bagong Lipunan (New Society
                                        Movement) [Imelda MARCOS]; Laban Ng
                                        Demokratikong Pilipino (Struggle of
                                        Filipino Democrats) or LDP [Eduardo
                                        ANGARA]; Lakas [Jose DE VENECIA,
                                        party president]; Liberal Party or
                                        LP [Florencio ABAD]; Nacionalista
                                        Party [Jose OLIVEROS]; National
                                        People's Coalition or NPC [Eduardo
                                        COJUANGCO]; PDP-Laban [Aquilino
                                        PIMENTEL]; People's Reform Party or
                                        PRP [Miriam DEFENSOR-SANTIAGO]
          Political pressure groups and NA
                               leaders:
             International organization APEC, ARF, AsDB, ASEAN, CCC, CP,
                         participation: ESCAP, FAO, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD,
                                        ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD,
                                        IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO,
                                        Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, NAM,
                                        OAS (observer), OPCW, UN, UNCTAD,
                                        UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMIK, UNTAET,
                                        UNU, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO,
                                        WToO, WTrO
   Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Albert
                                        DEL ROSARIO
                                        consulate(s): San Diego
                                        consulate(s) general: Chicago,
                                        Honolulu, Los Angeles, New York, San
                                        Francisco, San Jose (Northern
                                        Mariana Islands), Tamuning (Guam)
                                        FAX: [1] (202) 328-7614
                                        telephone: [1] (202) 333-6000
                                        chancery: 1600 Massachusetts Avenue
                                        NW, Washington, DC 20036
     Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Francis
                                    US: RICCIARDONE
                                        embassy: 1201 Roxas Boulevard,
                                        Ermita 1000 Manila
                                        mailing address: FPO 96515
                                        telephone: [63] (2) 523-1001
                                        FAX: [63] (2) 522-4361
                      Flag description: two equal horizontal bands of blue
                                        (top) and red with a white
                                        equilateral triangle based on the
                                        hoist side; in the center of the
                                        triangle is a yellow sun with eight
                                        primary rays (each containing three
                                        individual rays) and in each corner
                                        of the triangle is a small yellow
                                        five-pointed star
  
   Economy Philippines
   -------------------
                    Economy - overview: In 1998 the Philippine economy - a
                                        mixture of agriculture, light
                                        industry, and supporting services -
                                        deteriorated as a result of
                                        spillover from the Asian financial
                                        crisis and poor weather conditions.
                                        Growth fell to 0.6% in 1998 from 5%
                                        in 1997, but recovered to about 3%
                                        in 1999 and 4% in 2000. The
                                        government has promised to continue
                                        its economic reforms to help the
                                        Philippines match the pace of
                                        development in the newly
                                        industrialized countries of East
                                        Asia. The strategy includes
                                        improving infrastructure,
                                        overhauling the tax system to
                                        bolster government revenues,
                                        furthering deregulation and
                                        privatization of the economy, and
                                        increasing trade integration with
                                        the region. Prospects for 2002
                                        depend heavily on the economic
                                        performance of two major trading
                                        partners, the US and Japan.
                                   GDP: purchasing power parity - $335
                                        billion (2001 est.)
                GDP - real growth rate: 2.8% (2001 est.)
                      GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $4,000
                                        (2001 est.)
           GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 17%
                                        industry: 30%
                                        services: 53% (2000 est.)
         Population below poverty line: 40% (2001 est.)
     Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 1.5%
                      percentage share: highest 10%: 39.3% (1998)
   Distribution of family income - Gini 46.2 (1997)
                                 index:
      Inflation rate (consumer prices): 6% (2001 est.)
                           Labor force: 32 million (2000)
           Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 39.8%, government and
                                        social services 19.4%, services
                                        17.7%, manufacturing 9.8%,
                                        construction 5.8%, other 7.5% (1998
                                        est.)
                     Unemployment rate: 10% (2001)
                                Budget: revenues: $10.9 billion
                                        expenditures: $13.8 billion,
                                        including capital expenditures of
                                        $NA (2001 est.)
                            Industries: textiles, pharmaceuticals,
                                        chemicals, wood products, food
                                        processing, electronics assembly,
                                        petroleum refining, fishing
     Industrial production growth rate: 4% (2000 est.)
              Electricity - production: 40.667 billion kWh (2000)
    Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 57.57%
                                        hydro: 19.85%
                                        other: 22.58% (2000)
                                        nuclear: 0%
             Electricity - consumption: 37.82 billion kWh (2000)
                 Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                 Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                Agriculture - products: rice, coconuts, corn, sugarcane,
                                        bananas, pineapples, mangoes; pork,
                                        eggs, beef; fish
                               Exports: $37 billion (f.o.b., 2000)
                 Exports - commodities: electronic equipment, machinery and
                                        transport equipment, garments,
                                        coconut products
                    Exports - partners: US 30%, Japan 15%, Netherlands 8%,
                                        Singapore 8%, Taiwan 8%, Hong Kong
                                        5% (2000)
                               Imports: $30 billion (f.o.b., 2000)
                 Imports - commodities: raw materials and intermediate
                                        goods, capital goods, consumer
                                        goods, fuels
                    Imports - partners: Japan 19%, US 16%, EU 9%, South
                                        Korea 8%, Singapore 6%, Taiwan 6%
                                        (2000)
                       Debt - external: $50 billion (2001)
              Economic aid - recipient: ODA, $1.1 billion (1998)
                              Currency: Philippine peso (PHP)
                         Currency code: PHP
                        Exchange rates: Philippine pesos per US dollar -
                                        51.201 (January 2002), 50.993
                                        (2001), 44.192 (2000), 39.089
                                        (1999), 40.893 (1998), 29.471 (1997)
                           Fiscal year: calendar year
  
   Communications Philippines
   --------------------------
        Telephones - main lines in use: 3.1 million (2000)
          Telephones - mobile cellular: 6.5 million (2000)
                      Telephone system: general assessment: good
                                        international radiotelephone and
                                        submarine cable services; domestic
                                        and interisland service adequate
                                        domestic: domestic satellite system
                                        with 11 earth stations
                                        international: 9 international
                                        gateways; satellite earth stations -
                                        3 Intelsat (1 Indian Ocean and 2
                                        Pacific Ocean); submarine cables to
                                        Hong Kong, Guam, Singapore, Taiwan,
                                        and Japan
              Radio broadcast stations: AM 366, FM 290, shortwave 5
                                        note: each shortwave station
                                        operates on multiple frequencies in
                                        the language of the target audience
                                        (2002)
                                Radios: 11.5 million (1997)
         Television broadcast stations: 75 (2000)
                           Televisions: 3.7 million (1997)
                 Internet country code: .ph
     Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 33 (2000)
                        Internet users: 2 million (2001)
  
   Transportation Philippines
   --------------------------
                              Railways: total: 897 km
                                        narrow gauge: 897 km 1.067-m gauge
                                        (405 km are not in operation) (2001)
                              Highways: total: 199,950 km
                                        paved: 39,590 km
                                        unpaved: 160,360 km (1998 est.)
                             Waterways: 3,219 km
                                        note: limited to vessels with a
                                        draft of less than 1.5 m
                             Pipelines: petroleum products 357 km
                     Ports and harbors: Batangas, Cagayan de Oro, Cebu,
                                        Davao, Guimaras Island, Iligan,
                                        Iloilo, Jolo, Legaspi, Manila,
                                        Masao, Puerto Princesa, San
                                        Fernando, Subic Bay, Zamboanga
                       Merchant marine: total: 416 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                        totaling 5,179,029 GRT/7,670,688 DWT
  
                                        ships by type: bulk 134, cargo 112,
                                        chemical tanker 2, combination bulk
                                        7, container 5, liquefied gas 9,
                                        livestock carrier 9, passenger 4,
                                        passenger/cargo 10, petroleum tanker
                                        41, refrigerated cargo 20, roll on/
                                        roll off 14, short-sea passenger 29,
                                        specialized tanker 2, vehicle
                                        carrier 18
                                        note: includes some foreign-owned
                                        ships registered here as a flag of
                                        convenience: Australia 2, Canada 1,
                                        Germany 3, Greece 8, Hong Kong 13,
                                        Japan 47, Malaysia 19, Netherlands
                                        14, Norway 8, Panama 3, Singapore
                                        12, South Korea 1, Taiwan 2, United
                                        Kingdom 7 (2002 est.)
                              Airports: 275 (2001)
         Airports - with paved runways: total: 77
                                        over 3,047 m: 4
                                        2,438 to 3,047 m: 5
                                        914 to 1,523 m: 30
                                        under 914 m: 12 (2001)
                                        1,524 to 2,437 m: 26
       Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 198
                                        2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
                                        1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
                                        under 914 m: 119 (2001)
                                        914 to 1,523 m: 74
                             Heliports: 2 (2001)
  
   Military Philippines
   --------------------
                      Military branches: Army, Navy (including Coast Guard
                                         and Marine Corps), Air Force,
                                         paramilitary units
       Military manpower - military age: 20 years of age (2002 est.)
       Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 21,718,304 (2002
                                         est.)
    Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 15,285,248 (2002
                                service: est.)
            Military manpower - reaching males: 848,181 (2002 est.)
                  military age annually:
          Military expenditures - dollar $995 million (FY98)
                                 figure:
      Military expenditures - percent of 1.5% (FY98)
                                    GDP:
  
   Transnational Issues Philippines
   --------------------------------
              Disputes - international: Sultanate of Sulu granted
                                        Philippines Government power of
                                        attorney to pursue his sovereignty
                                        claim over Malaysia's Sabah State,
                                        to which the Philippines have not
                                        fully revoked their claim; involved
                                        in a complex dispute over the
                                        Spratly Islands with China,
                                        Malaysia, Taiwan, Vietnam, and
                                        possibly Brunei
                         Illicit drugs: exports locally produced marijuana
                                        and hashish to East Asia, the US,
                                        and other Western markets; serves as
                                        a transit point for heroin and
                                        crystal methamphetamine
  
                                       



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