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World Gazetteer Results for Palmas del Socorro:
NamePalmas del Socorro
Geographical TypeLocality
Population657
Latitude
Longitude
CountryColombia
Administrative DivisionSantander
Dictionary Results for Colombia:
1. WordNet® 3.0 (2006)
Colombia
    n 1: a republic in northwestern South America with a coastline
         on the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea; achieved
         independence from Spain in 1821 under the leadership of
         Simon Bolivar; Spanish is the official language [syn:
         Colombia, Republic of Colombia]

2. CIA World Factbook 2002
Colombia

   Introduction Colombia
   ---------------------
                            Background: Colombia was one of the three
                                        countries that emerged from the
                                        collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830
                                        (the others being Ecuador and
                                        Venezuela). A 40-year insurgent
                                        campaign to overthrow the Colombian
                                        Government escalated during the
                                        1990s, undergirded in part by funds
                                        from the drug trade. Although the
                                        violence is deadly and large swaths
                                        of the countryside are under
                                        guerrilla influence, the movement
                                        lacks the military strength or
                                        popular support necessary to
                                        overthrow the government. An anti-
                                        insurgent army of paramilitaries has
                                        grown to be several thousand strong
                                        in recent years, challenging the
                                        insurgents for control of territory
                                        and illicit industries such as the
                                        drug trade and the government's
                                        ability to exert its dominion over
                                        rural areas. While Bogota continues
                                        to try to negotiate a settlement,
                                        neighboring countries worry about
                                        the violence spilling over their
                                        borders.
  
   Geography Colombia
   ------------------
                              Location: Northern South America, bordering
                                        the Caribbean Sea, between Panama
                                        and Venezuela, and bordering the
                                        North Pacific Ocean, between Ecuador
                                        and Panama
                Geographic coordinates: 4 00 N, 72 00 W
                        Map references: South America
                                  Area: total: 1,138,910 sq km
                                        land: 1,038,700 sq km
                                        note: includes Isla de Malpelo,
                                        Roncador Cay, Serrana Bank, and
                                        Serranilla Bank
                                        water: 100,210 sq km
                    Area - comparative: slightly less than three times the
                                        size of Montana
                       Land boundaries: total: 6,004 km
                                        border countries: Brazil 1,643 km,
                                        Ecuador 590 km, Panama 225 km, Peru
                                        1,496 km (est.), Venezuela 2,050 km
                             Coastline: 3,208 km (Caribbean Sea 1,760 km,
                                        North Pacific Ocean 1,448 km)
                       Maritime claims: continental shelf: 200-m depth or to
                                        the depth of exploitation
                                        territorial sea: 12 NM
                                        exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                               Climate: tropical along coast and eastern
                                        plains; cooler in highlands
                               Terrain: flat coastal lowlands, central
                                        highlands, high Andes Mountains,
                                        eastern lowland plains
                    Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
                                        highest point: Pico Cristobal Colon
                                        5,775 m
                                        note: nearby Pico Simon Bolivar also
                                        has the same elevation
                     Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, coal, iron
                                        ore, nickel, gold, copper, emeralds,
                                        hydropower
                              Land use: arable land: 1.9%
                                        other: 96.14% (1998 est.)
                                        permanent crops: 1.96%
                        Irrigated land: 8,500 sq km (1998 est.)
                       Natural hazards: highlands subject to volcanic
                                        eruptions; occasional earthquakes;
                                        periodic droughts
          Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil and water
                                        quality damage from overuse of
                                        pesticides; air pollution,
                                        especially in Bogota, from vehicle
                                        emissions
            Environment - international party to: Antarctic Treaty,
                            agreements: Biodiversity, Climate Change,
                                        Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol,
                                        Desertification, Endangered Species,
                                        Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life
                                        Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban,
                                        Ozone Layer Protection, Ship
                                        Pollution, Tropical Timber 83,
                                        Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
                                        signed, but not ratified: Antarctic-
                                        Environmental Protocol, Law of the
                                        Sea, Marine Dumping
                      Geography - note: only South American country with
                                        coastlines on both North Pacific
                                        Ocean and Caribbean Sea
  
   People Colombia
   ---------------
                            Population: 41,008,227 (July 2002 est.)
                         Age structure: 0-14 years: 31.6% (male 6,552,961;
                                        female 6,399,666)
                                        15-64 years: 63.6% (male 12,694,293;
                                        female 13,375,425)
                                        65 years and over: 4.8% (male
                                        886,921; female 1,098,961) (2002
                                        est.)
                Population growth rate: 1.6% (2002 est.)
                            Birth rate: 21.99 births/1,000 population (2002
                                        est.)
                            Death rate: 5.66 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                        est.)
                    Net migration rate: -0.32 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                        (2002 est.)
                             Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                        under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
                                        15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
                                        65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/
                                        female
                                        total population: 0.97 male(s)/
                                        female (2002 est.)
                 Infant mortality rate: 23.21 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                        est.)
              Life expectancy at birth: total population: 70.85 years
                                        female: 74.83 years (2002 est.)
                                        male: 67 years
                  Total fertility rate: 2.64 children born/woman (2002 est.)
      HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.31% (1999 est.)
     HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 71,000 (1999 est.)
                                  AIDS:
                     HIV/AIDS - deaths: 1,700 (1999 est.)
                           Nationality: noun: Colombian(s)
                                        adjective: Colombian
                         Ethnic groups: mestizo 58%, white 20%, mulatto 14%,
                                        black 4%, mixed black-Amerindian 3%,
                                        Amerindian 1%
                             Religions: Roman Catholic 90%
                             Languages: Spanish
                              Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                        and write
                                        total population: 91.3%
                                        male: 91.2%
                                        female: 91.4% (1995 est.)
  
   Government Colombia
   -------------------
                          Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                        Colombia
                                        conventional short form: Colombia
                                        local short form: Colombia
                                        local long form: Republica de
                                        Colombia
                       Government type: republic; executive branch dominates
                                        government structure
                               Capital: Bogota
              Administrative divisions: 32 departments (departamentos,
                                        singular - departamento) and 1
                                        capital district* (distrito
                                        capital); Amazonas, Antioquia,
                                        Arauca, Atlantico, Distrito Capital
                                        de Bogota*, Bolivar, Boyaca, Caldas,
                                        Caqueta, Casanare, Cauca, Cesar,
                                        Choco, Cordoba, Cundinamarca,
                                        Guainia, Guaviare, Huila, La
                                        Guajira, Magdalena, Meta, Narino,
                                        Norte de Santander, Putumayo,
                                        Quindio, Risaralda, San Andres y
                                        Providencia, Santander, Sucre,
                                        Tolima, Valle del Cauca, Vaupes,
                                        Vichada
                          Independence: 20 July 1810 (from Spain)
                      National holiday: Independence Day, 20 July (1810)
                          Constitution: 5 July 1991
                          Legal system: based on Spanish law; a new criminal
                                        code modeled after US procedures was
                                        enacted in 1992-93; judicial review
                                        of executive and legislative acts;
                                        accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction,
                                        with reservations
                              Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                      Executive branch: chief of state: President Andres
                                        PASTRANA (since 7 August 1998); Vice
                                        President Gustavo BELL Lemus (since
                                        7 August 1998); note - the president
                                        is both the chief of state and head
                                        of government
                                        head of government: President Andres
                                        PASTRANA (since 7 August 1998); Vice
                                        President Gustavo BELL Lemus (since
                                        7 August 1998); note - the president
                                        is both the chief of state and head
                                        of government
                                        cabinet: Cabinet consists of a
                                        coalition of the two dominant
                                        parties - the PL and PSC - and
                                        independents
                                        elections: president and vice
                                        president elected by popular vote
                                        for a four-year term; election last
                                        held 26 May 2002 (next to be held NA
                                        May 2006)
                                        election results: on 26 May 2002,
                                        President-elect Alvaro URIBE Velez
                                        received 53% of the vote; Vice
                                        President-elect Francisco SANTOS was
                                        elected on the same ticket; they
                                        will take office in August 2002
                    Legislative branch: bicameral Congress or Congreso
                                        consists of the Senate or Senado
                                        (102 seats; members are elected by
                                        popular vote to serve four-year
                                        terms) and the House of
                                        Representatives or Camara de
                                        Representantes (166 seats; members
                                        are elected by popular vote to serve
                                        four-year terms)
                                        elections: Senate - last held 10
                                        March 2002 (next to be held NA March
                                        2006); House of Representatives -
                                        last held 10 March 2002 (next to be
                                        held NA March 2006)
                                        election results: Senate - percent
                                        of vote by party - NA%; seats by
                                        party - PL 28, PSC 13, independents
                                        and smaller parties (many aligned
                                        with conservatives) 61; House of
                                        Representatives - percent of vote by
                                        party - NA; seats by party - PL 54,
                                        PSC 21, independents and other
                                        parties 91
                       Judicial branch: four, coequal, supreme judicial
                                        organs; Supreme Court of Justice or
                                        Corte Suprema de Justical (highest
                                        court of criminal law; judges are
                                        selected from the nominees of the
                                        Higher Council of Justice for eight-
                                        year terms); Council of State
                                        (highest court of administrative
                                        law, judges are selected from the
                                        nominees of the Higher Council of
                                        Justice for eight-year terms);
                                        Constitutional Court (guards
                                        integrity and supremacy of the
                                        constitution, rules on
                                        constitutionality of laws,
                                        amendments to the constitution, and
                                        international treaties); Higher
                                        Council of Justice (administers and
                                        disciplines the civilian judiciary;
                                        members of the disciplinary chamber
                                        resolve jurisdictional conflicts
                                        arising between other courts;
                                        members are elected by three sister
                                        courts and Congress for eight-year
                                        terms)
         Political parties and leaders: Conservative Party or PSC [Carlos
                                        HOLGUIN Sardi]; Liberal Party or PL
                                        [Horatio SERPA Uribe]; Patriotic
                                        Union or UP is a legal political
                                        party formed by Revolutionary Armed
                                        Forces of Colombia or FARC and
                                        Colombian Communist Party or PCC
                                        [Jaime CAICEDO]; 19 of April
                                        Movement or M-19 [Antonio NAVARRO
                                        Wolff]
                                        note: Colombia has about 60 formally
                                        recognized political parties, most
                                        of which do not have a presence in
                                        either house of Congress
          Political pressure groups and two largest insurgent groups active
                               leaders: in Colombia - Revolutionary Armed
                                        Forces of Colombia or FARC and
                                        National Liberation Army or ELN;
                                        largest anti-insurgent paramilitary
                                        group is United Self-Defense Groups
                                        of Colombia or AUC
             International organization BCIE, CAN, Caricom (observer), CCC,
                         participation: CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-3, G-24, G-77,
                                        IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU,
                                        ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO,
                                        ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM,
                                        ISO, ITU, LAES, LAIA, NAM, OAS,
                                        OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, RG, UN, UN
                                        Security Council (temporary),
                                        UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNU,
                                        UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO,
                                        WToO, WTrO
   Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Luis
                                        Alberto MORENO Mejia
                                        chancery: 2118 Leroy Place NW,
                                        Washington, DC 20008
                                        consulate(s) general: Boston,
                                        Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles,
                                        Miami, New Orleans, New York, San
                                        Francisco, San Juan (Puerto Rico),
                                        and Washington, DC
                                        consulate(s): Atlanta
                                        FAX: [1] (202) 232-8643
                                        telephone: [1] (202) 387-8338
     Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Anne W.
                                    US: PATTERSON
                                        embassy: Calle 22D-BIS, numbers 47-
                                        51, Apartado Aereo 3831
                                        mailing address: Carrera 45 #22D-45,
                                        Bogota, D.C., APO AA 34038
                                        telephone: [57] (1) 315-0811
                                        FAX: [57] (1) 315-2197
                      Flag description: three horizontal bands of yellow
                                        (top, double-width), blue, and red;
                                        similar to the flag of Ecuador,
                                        which is longer and bears the
                                        Ecuadorian coat of arms superimposed
                                        in the center
  
   Economy Colombia
   ----------------
                    Economy - overview: Colombia's economy suffered from
                                        weak domestic demand, austere
                                        government budgets, and a difficult
                                        security situation. A new president
                                        takes office in 2002 and will face
                                        economic challenges ranging from
                                        pension reform to reduction of
                                        unemployment. Two of Colombia's
                                        leading exports, oil and coffee,
                                        face an uncertain future; new
                                        exploration is needed to offset
                                        declining oil production, while
                                        coffee harvests and prices are
                                        depressed. Problems in public
                                        security are a concern for Colombian
                                        business leaders, who are calling
                                        for progress in the government's
                                        peace negotiations with insurgent
                                        groups. Colombia is looking for
                                        continued support from the
                                        international community to boost
                                        economic and peace prospects.
                                   GDP: purchasing power parity - $255
                                        billion (2001 est.)
                GDP - real growth rate: 1.5% (2001 est.)
                      GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $6,300
                                        (2001 est.)
           GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 19%
                                        industry: 26%
                                        services: 55% (2001 est.)
         Population below poverty line: 55% (2001)
     Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 1%
                      percentage share: highest 10%: 44% (1999)
   Distribution of family income - Gini 57.1 (1996)
                                 index:
      Inflation rate (consumer prices): 7.6% (2001)
                           Labor force: 18.3 million (1999 est.)
           Labor force - by occupation: services 46%, agriculture 30%,
                                        industry 24% (1990)
                     Unemployment rate: 17% (2001 est.)
                                Budget: revenues: $24 billion
                                        expenditures: $25.6 billion,
                                        including capital expenditures of
                                        $NA (2001 est.)
                            Industries: textiles, food processing, oil,
                                        clothing and footwear, beverages,
                                        chemicals, cement; gold, coal,
                                        emeralds
     Industrial production growth rate: 4% (2001 est.)
              Electricity - production: 43.342 billion kWh (2000)
    Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 25.93%
                                        hydro: 73.09%
                                        other: 0.98% (2000)
                                        nuclear: 0%
             Electricity - consumption: 40.348 billion kWh (2000)
                 Electricity - exports: 37 million kWh (2000)
                 Electricity - imports: 77 million kWh (2000)
                Agriculture - products: coffee, cut flowers, bananas, rice,
                                        tobacco, corn, sugarcane, cocoa
                                        beans, oilseed, vegetables; forest
                                        products; shrimp
                               Exports: $12.3 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                 Exports - commodities: petroleum, coffee, coal, apparel,
                                        bananas, cut flowers
                    Exports - partners: US 43%, Andean Community of Nations
                                        22%, EU 14%, (2001 est.)
                               Imports: $12.7 billion (c.i.f., 2001 est.)
                 Imports - commodities: industrial equipment, transportation
                                        equipment, consumer goods,
                                        chemicals, paper products, fuels,
                                        electricity
                    Imports - partners: US 35%, EU 16%, Andean Community of
                                        Nations 15%, Japan 5% (2001 est.)
                       Debt - external: $39 billion (2001 est.)
              Economic aid - recipient: $NA
                              Currency: Colombian peso (COP)
                         Currency code: COP
                        Exchange rates: Colombian pesos per US dollar -
                                        2,275.89 (January 2002), 2,299.63
                                        (2001), 2,087.90 (2000), 1,756.23
                                        (1999), 1,426.04 (1998), 1,140.96
                                        (1997)
                           Fiscal year: calendar year
  
   Communications Colombia
   -----------------------
        Telephones - main lines in use: 5,433,565 (December 1997)
          Telephones - mobile cellular: 1,800,229 (December 1998)
                      Telephone system: general assessment: modern system in
                                        many respects
                                        domestic: nationwide microwave radio
                                        relay system; domestic satellite
                                        system with 41 earth stations;
                                        fiber-optic network linking 50
                                        cities
                                        international: satellite earth
                                        stations - 6 Intelsat, 1 Inmarsat; 3
                                        fully digitalized international
                                        switching centers; 8 submarine
                                        cables
              Radio broadcast stations: AM 454, FM 34, shortwave 27 (1999)
                                Radios: 21 million (1997)
         Television broadcast stations: 60 (includes seven low-power
                                        stations) (1997)
                           Televisions: 4.59 million (1997)
                 Internet country code: .co
     Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 18 (2000)
                        Internet users: 878,000 (2001)
  
   Transportation Colombia
   -----------------------
                              Railways: total: 3,304 km
                                        standard gauge: 150 km 1.435-m gauge
                                        (connects Cerrejon coal mines to
                                        maritime port at Bahia de Portete)
                                        narrow gauge: 3,154 km 0.914-m gauge
                                        (major sections not in use) (2000
                                        est.)
                              Highways: total: 110,000 km
                                        paved: 26,000 km
                                        unpaved: 84,000 km (2000)
                             Waterways: 18,140 km (navigable by river boats)
                                        (April 1996)
                             Pipelines: crude oil 3,585 km; petroleum
                                        products 1,350 km; natural gas 830
                                        km; natural gas liquids 125 km
                     Ports and harbors: Bahia de Portete, Barranquilla,
                                        Buenaventura, Cartagena, Leticia,
                                        Puerto Bolivar, San Andres, Santa
                                        Marta, Tumaco, Turbo
                       Merchant marine: total: 11 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                        totaling 32,438 GRT/43,126 DWT
                                        ships by type: bulk 5, cargo 3,
                                        container 1, petroleum tanker 2
                                        note: includes a foreign-owned ship
                                        registered here as a flag of
                                        convenience: Germany 1 (2002 est.)
                              Airports: 1,066 (2001)
         Airports - with paved runways: total: 93
                                        over 3,047 m: 2
                                        2,438 to 3,047 m: 9
                                        914 to 1,523 m: 36
                                        under 914 m: 9 (2001)
                                        1,524 to 2,437 m: 37
       Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 973
                                        2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
                                        1,524 to 2,437 m: 58
                                        under 914 m: 602 (2001)
                                        914 to 1,523 m: 312
                             Heliports: 1 (2001)
  
   Military Colombia
   -----------------
                      Military branches: Army (Ejercito Nacional), Navy
                                         (Armada Nacional, including Marines
                                         and Coast Guard), Air Force (Fuerza
                                         Aerea Colombiana), National Police
                                         (Policia Nacional)
       Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age (2002 est.)
       Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 10,946,932 (2002
                                         est.)
    Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 7,308,703 (2002
                                service: est.)
   Military manpower - reaching military males: 379,295 (2002 est.)
                           age annually:
          Military expenditures - dollar $3.3 billion (FY01)
                                 figure:
      Military expenditures - percent of 3.4% (FY01)
                                    GDP:
  
   Transnational Issues Colombia
   -----------------------------
              Disputes - international: Nicaragua filed a claim against
                                        Honduras in 1999 and against
                                        Colombia in 2001 at the ICJ over
                                        disputed maritime boundary involving
                                        50,000 sq km in the Caribbean Sea,
                                        including the Archipelago de San
                                        Andres y Providencia and Quita Sueno
                                        Bank; maritime boundary dispute with
                                        Venezuela in the Gulf of Venezuela;
                                        Colombian drug activities penetrate
                                        Peruvian border area
                         Illicit drugs: illicit producer of coca, opium
                                        poppies, and cannabis; world's
                                        leading coca cultivator (cultivation
                                        of coca in 2000 - 136,200 hectares,
                                        an 11% increase over 1999);
                                        potential production of opium since
                                        1995 has remained relatively stable
                                        at 66 metric tons; potential
                                        production of heroin has averaged
                                        6.5 metric tons; the world's largest
                                        processor of coca derivatives into
                                        cocaine; supplier of about 90% of
                                        the cocaine to the US and the great
                                        majority of cocaine to other
                                        international drug markets, and an
                                        important supplier of heroin to the
                                        US market; active aerial eradication
                                        program
  
                                       



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