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World Gazetteer Results for Palma Soriano:
NamePalma Soriano
Geographical TypeLocality
Administrative DivisionSantiago de Cuba
Dictionary Results for Cuba:
1. WordNet® 3.0 (2006)
    n 1: a communist state in the Caribbean on the island of Cuba
         [syn: Cuba, Republic of Cuba]
    2: the largest island in the West Indies

2. The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48
Cuba \Cuba\ (k[=u]"b[.a]), prop. n.
   1. a country on the island of Cuba.
      [WordNet 1.5]

   2. the largest island in the West Indies.
      [WordNet 1.5]

3. CIA World Factbook 2002

   Introduction Cuba
                            Background: Fidel CASTRO led a rebel army to
                                        victory in 1959; his iron rule has
                                        held the country together since.
                                        Cuba's Communist revolution, with
                                        Soviet support, was exported
                                        throughout Latin America and Africa
                                        during the 1960s, 70s, and 80s. The
                                        country is now slowly recovering
                                        from a severe economic recession in
                                        1990, following the withdrawal of
                                        former Soviet subsidies, worth $4
                                        billion to $6 billion annually.
                                        Havana portrays its difficulties as
                                        the result of the US embargo in
                                        place since 1961. Illicit migration
                                        to the US - using homemade rafts,
                                        alien smugglers, or falsified visas
                                        - is a continuing problem. Some
                                        3,000 Cubans attempted the crossing
                                        of the Straits of Florida in 2001;
                                        the US Coast Guard interdicted only
                                        about 25% of these.
   Geography Cuba
                              Location: Caribbean, island between the
                                        Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic
                                        Ocean, 150 km south of Key West,
                Geographic coordinates: 21 30 N, 80 00 W
                        Map references: Central America and the Caribbean
                                  Area: total: 110,860 sq km
                                        water: 0 sq km
                                        land: 110,860 sq km
                    Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Pennsylvania
                       Land boundaries: total: 29 km
                                        border countries: US Naval Base at
                                        Guantanamo Bay 29 km
                                        note: Guantanamo Naval Base is
                                        leased by the US and thus remains
                                        part of Cuba
                             Coastline: 3,735 km
                       Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                        territorial sea: 12 NM
                               Climate: tropical; moderated by trade winds;
                                        dry season (November to April);
                                        rainy season (May to October)
                               Terrain: mostly flat to rolling plains, with
                                        rugged hills and mountains in the
                    Elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
                                        highest point: Pico Turquino 2,005 m
                     Natural resources: cobalt, nickel, iron ore, copper,
                                        manganese, salt, timber, silica,
                                        petroleum, arable land
                              Land use: arable land: 33.04%
                                        other: 59.35% (1998 est.)
                                        permanent crops: 7.61%
                        Irrigated land: 870 sq km (1998 est.)
                       Natural hazards: the east coast is subject to
                                        hurricanes from August to October
                                        (in general, the country averages
                                        about one hurricane every other
                                        year); droughts are common
          Environment - current issues: air and water pollution;
                                        biodiversity loss; deforestation
            Environment - international party to: Antarctic Treaty,
                            agreements: Biodiversity, Climate Change,
                                        Desertification, Endangered Species,
                                        Environmental Modification,
                                        Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea,
                                        Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer
                                        Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
                                        signed, but not ratified: Antarctic-
                                        Environmental Protocol, Climate
                                        Change-Kyoto Protocol, Marine Life
                      Geography - note: largest country in Caribbean and
                                        westernmost island of the Greater
   People Cuba
                            Population: 11,224,321 (July 2002 est.)
                         Age structure: 0-14 years: 20.6% (male 1,188,125;
                                        female 1,125,743)
                                        15-64 years: 69.3% (male 3,902,162;
                                        female 3,880,531)
                                        65 years and over: 10.1% (male
                                        520,849; female 606,911) (2002 est.)
                Population growth rate: 0.35% (2002 est.)
                            Birth rate: 12.08 births/1,000 population (2002
                            Death rate: 7.35 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                    Net migration rate: -1.21 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                        (2002 est.)
                             Sex ratio: at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
                                        under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
                                        15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
                                        65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/
                                        total population: 1 male(s)/female
                                        (2002 est.)
                 Infant mortality rate: 7.27 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
              Life expectancy at birth: total population: 76.6 years
                                        female: 79.15 years (2002 est.)
                                        male: 74.2 years
                  Total fertility rate: 1.6 children born/woman (2002 est.)
      HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.03% (1999 est.)
     HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 2,800 (2001 est.)
                     HIV/AIDS - deaths: 120 (1999 est.)
                           Nationality: noun: Cuban(s)
                                        adjective: Cuban
                         Ethnic groups: mulatto 51%, white 37%, black 11%,
                                        Chinese 1%
                             Religions: nominally 85% Roman Catholic prior
                                        to CASTRO assuming power;
                                        Protestants, Jehovah's Witnesses,
                                        Jews, and Santeria are also
                             Languages: Spanish
                              Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                        and write
                                        male: 96.2%
                                        female: 95.3% (1995 est.)
                                        total population: 95.7%
                         People - note: illicit migration is a continuing
                                        problem; Cubans attempt to depart
                                        the island and enter the US using
                                        homemade rafts, alien smugglers,
                                        direct flights, or falsified visas;
                                        some 3,000 Cubans took to the
                                        Straits of Florida in 2001; the US
                                        Coast Guard interdicted about 25% of
                                        these migrants; Cubans also use non-
                                        maritime routes to enter the US;
                                        some 2,400 Cubans arrived overland
                                        via the southwest border and direct
                                        flights to Miami in 2000
   Government Cuba
                          Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                        conventional short form: Cuba
                                        local short form: Cuba
                                        local long form: Republica de Cuba
                       Government type: Communist state
                               Capital: Havana
              Administrative divisions: 14 provinces (provincias, singular -
                                        provincia) and 1 special
                                        municipality* (municipio especial);
                                        Camaguey, Ciego de Avila,
                                        Cienfuegos, Ciudad de La Habana,
                                        Granma, Guantanamo, Holguin, Isla de
                                        la Juventud*, La Habana, Las Tunas,
                                        Matanzas, Pinar del Rio, Sancti
                                        Spiritus, Santiago de Cuba, Villa
                          Independence: 20 May 1902 (from Spain 10 December
                                        1898; administered by the US from
                                        1898 to 1902)
                      National holiday: Independence Day, 10 December
                                        (1898); note - 10 December 1898 is
                                        the date of independence from Spain,
                                        20 May 1902 is the date of
                                        independence from US administration
                          Constitution: 24 February 1976, amended July 1992
                          Legal system: based on Spanish and American law,
                                        with large elements of Communist
                                        legal theory; has not accepted
                                        compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
                              Suffrage: 16 years of age; universal
                      Executive branch: chief of state: President of the
                                        Council of State and President of
                                        the Council of Ministers Fidel
                                        CASTRO Ruz (prime minister from
                                        February 1959 until 24 February 1976
                                        when office was abolished; president
                                        since 2 December 1976); First Vice
                                        President of the Council of State
                                        and First Vice President of the
                                        Council of Ministers Gen. Raul
                                        CASTRO Ruz (since 2 December 1976);
                                        note - the president is both the
                                        chief of state and head of
                                        elections: president and vice
                                        president elected by the National
                                        Assembly; election last held 24
                                        February 1998 (next to be held in
                                        election results: Fidel CASTRO Ruz
                                        elected president; percent of
                                        legislative vote - 100%; Raul CASTRO
                                        Ruz elected vice president; percent
                                        of legislative vote - 100%
                                        cabinet: Council of Ministers
                                        proposed by the president of the
                                        Council of State, appointed by the
                                        National Assembly; note - there is
                                        also a Council of State whose
                                        members are elected by the National
                                        head of government: President of the
                                        Council of State and President of
                                        the Council of Ministers Fidel
                                        CASTRO Ruz (prime minister from
                                        February 1959 until 24 February 1976
                                        when office was abolished; president
                                        since 2 December 1976); First Vice
                                        President of the Council of State
                                        and First Vice President of the
                                        Council of Ministers Gen. Raul
                                        CASTRO Ruz (since 2 December 1976);
                                        note - the president is both the
                                        chief of state and head of
                    Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly of
                                        People's Power or Asemblea Nacional
                                        del Poder Popular (601 seats,
                                        elected directly from slates
                                        approved by special candidacy
                                        commissions; members serve five-year
                                        elections: last held 11 January 1998
                                        (next to be held in 2003)
                                        election results: percent of vote -
                                        PCC 94.39%; seats - PCC 601
                       Judicial branch: People's Supreme Court or Tribunal
                                        Supremo Popular (president, vice
                                        president, and other judges are
                                        elected by the National Assembly)
         Political parties and leaders: only party - Cuban Communist Party
                                        or PCC [Fidel CASTRO Ruz, first
          Political pressure groups and NA
             International organization CCC, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IAEA, ICAO,
                         participation: ICC, ICRM, IFAD, IFRCS, IHO, ILO,
                                        IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer),
                                        ISO, ITU, LAES, LAIA, NAM, OAS
                                        (excluded from formal participation
                                        since 1962), OPCW, PCA, UN, UNCTAD,
                                        UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO,
                                        WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
   Diplomatic representation in the US: none; note - Cuba has an Interests
                                        Section in the Swiss Embassy, headed
                                        by Principal Officer Dagoberto
                                        RODRIGUEZ Barrera (since August
                                        2001); address: Cuban Interests
                                        Section, Swiss Embassy, 2630 16th
                                        Street NW, Washington, DC 20009;
                                        telephone: [1] (202) 797-8518
     Diplomatic representation from the none; note - the US has an Interests
                                    US: Section in the Swiss Embassy, headed
                                        by Principal Officer Vicki
                                        HUDDLESTON; address: USINT, Swiss
                                        Embassy, Calzada between L and M
                                        Streets, Vedado Seccion, Havana;
                                        telephone: 33-3551 through 3559
                                        (operator assistance required); FAX:
                                        33-3700; protecting power in Cuba is
                      Flag description: five equal horizontal bands of blue
                                        (top and bottom) alternating with
                                        white; a red equilateral triangle
                                        based on the hoist side bears a
                                        white, five-pointed star in the
                                        center; design influenced by the US
   Economy Cuba
                    Economy - overview: The government continues to balance
                                        the need for economic loosening
                                        against a concern for firm political
                                        control. It has undertaken limited
                                        reforms in recent years to stem
                                        excess liquidity, increase
                                        enterprise efficiency, and alleviate
                                        serious shortages of food, consumer
                                        goods, and services, but is unlikely
                                        to implement extensive changes. A
                                        major feature of the economy is the
                                        dichotomy between relatively
                                        efficient export enclaves and
                                        inefficient domestic sectors. The
                                        average Cuban's standard of living
                                        remains at a lower level than before
                                        the severe economic depression of
                                        the early 1990s, which was caused by
                                        the loss of Soviet aid and domestic
                                        inefficiencies. High oil prices,
                                        recessions in key export markets,
                                        and damage from Hurricane Michelle
                                        hampered growth in 2001. Cuba paid
                                        high prices for oil imports in the
                                        face of slumping prices in the key
                                        sugar and nickel industries and
                                        suffered a slowdown in tourist
                                        arrivals following September 11. The
                                        government subsequently depreciated
                                        the peso by approximately 30% and
                                        now aims for 3% growth in 2002.
                                   GDP: purchasing power parity - $25.5
                                        billion (2001 est.)
                GDP - real growth rate: 3% (2001 est.)
                      GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $2,300
                                        (2001 est.)
           GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 7.6%
                                        industry: 34.5%
                                        services: 57.9% (2000 est.)
         Population below poverty line: NA%
     Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                      percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
      Inflation rate (consumer prices): 0.5% (2001 est.)
                           Labor force: 4.3 million (2000 est.)
                                        note: state sector 78%, non-state
                                        sector 22% (1999)
           Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 24%, industry 25%,
                                        services 51% (1999)
                     Unemployment rate: 4.1% (2001 est.)
                                Budget: revenues: $14.9 billion
                                        expenditures: $15.6 billion,
                                        including capital expenditures of
                                        $NA (2000 est.)
                            Industries: sugar, petroleum, tobacco,
                                        chemicals, construction, services,
                                        nickel, steel, cement, agricultural
                                        machinery, biotechnology
     Industrial production growth rate: 2.4% (2001 est.)
              Electricity - production: 14.87 billion kWh (2000)
    Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 94.63%
                                        hydro: 0.4%
                                        other: 4.97% (2000)
                                        nuclear: 0%
             Electricity - consumption: 13.829 billion kWh (2000)
                 Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                 Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                Agriculture - products: sugar, tobacco, citrus, coffee,
                                        rice, potatoes, beans; livestock
                               Exports: $1.7 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                 Exports - commodities: sugar, nickel, tobacco, fish,
                                        medical products, citrus, coffee
                    Exports - partners: Russia 18%, Canada 16%, Netherlands
                                        12% (2000)
                               Imports: $4.9 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                 Imports - commodities: petroleum, food, machinery,
                                        chemicals, semifinished goods,
                                        transport equipment, consumer goods
                    Imports - partners: Spain 16%, Venezuela 13%, Italy 8%
                       Debt - external: $11 billion (convertible currency,
                                        2000 est.); another $15 billion -$20
                                        billion owed to Russia (2001)
              Economic aid - recipient: $68.2 million (1997 est.)
                              Currency: Cuban peso (CUP)
                         Currency code: CUP
                        Exchange rates: Cuban pesos per US dollar - 1.0000
                                        (nonconvertible, official rate, for
                                        international transactions, pegged
                                        to the US dollar); convertible peso
                                        sold for domestic use at a rate of
                                        1.00 US dollar per 27 pesos by the
                                        Government of Cuba (January 2002)
                           Fiscal year: calendar year
   Communications Cuba
        Telephones - main lines in use: 473,031 (2000)
          Telephones - mobile cellular: 2,994 (1997)
                      Telephone system: general assessment: NA
                                        domestic: principal trunk system,
                                        end to end of country, is coaxial
                                        cable; fiber-optic distribution in
                                        Havana and on Isla de la Juventud; 2
                                        microwave radio relay installations
                                        (one is old, US-built; the other
                                        newer, built during the period of
                                        Soviet support); both analog and
                                        digital mobile cellular service
                                        international: satellite earth
                                        station - 1 Intersputnik (Atlantic
                                        Ocean region)
              Radio broadcast stations: AM 169, FM 55, shortwave 1 (1998)
                                Radios: 3.9 million (1997)
         Television broadcast stations: 58 (1997)
                           Televisions: 2.64 million (1997)
                 Internet country code: .cu
     Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 5 (2001)
                        Internet users: 60,000 (2001)
   Transportation Cuba
                              Railways: total: 4,807 km
                                        standard gauge: 4,807 km 1.435-
                                        m gauge, in public use (147 km
                                        note: in addition to the 4,807 km of
                                        standard-gauge track in public use,
                                        7,162 km of track is in private use
                                        by sugar plantations; about 90% of
                                        the private use track is standard
                                        gauge and the rest is narrow gauge
                                        (2000 est.)
                              Highways: total: 60,858 km
                                        paved: 29,820 km (including 638 km
                                        of expressway)
                                        unpaved: 31,038 km (1997)
                             Waterways: 240 km
                     Ports and harbors: Cienfuegos, Havana, Manzanillo,
                                        Mariel, Matanzas, Nuevitas, Santiago
                                        de Cuba
                       Merchant marine: total: 14 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                        totaling 44,187 GRT/63,416 DWT
                                        ships by type: bulk 3, cargo 6,
                                        liquefied gas 1, petroleum tanker 1,
                                        refrigerated cargo 3 (2002 est.)
                              Airports: 172 (2001)
         Airports - with paved runways: total: 78
                                        over 3,047 m: 7
                                        2,438 to 3,047 m: 8
                                        1,524 to 2,437 m: 20
                                        914 to 1,523 m: 7
                                        under 914 m: 36 (2001)
       Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 94
                                        914 to 1,523 m: 31
                                        under 914 m: 63 (2001)
   Military Cuba
                     Military branches: Revolutionary Armed Forces (FAR)
                                        including Ground Forces,
                                        Revolutionary Navy (MGR), Air and
                                        Air Defense Force (DAAFAR),
                                        Territorial Militia Troops (MTT),
                                        and Youth Labor Army (EJT); note -
                                        the Border Guard Troops (TGF) are
                                        controlled by the Interior Ministry
      Military manpower - military age: 17 years of age (2002 est.)
      Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 3,102,312
                                        females age 15-49: 3,036,549 (2002
   Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 1,915,586
                               service: females age 15-49: 1,869,867 (2002
           Military manpower - reaching males: 86,632
                 military age annually: females: 79,562 (2002 est.)
         Military expenditures - dollar $NA
     Military expenditures - percent of roughly 4% (FY95 est.)
                       Military - note: Moscow, for decades the key military
                                        supporter and supplier of Cuba, cut
                                        off almost all military aid by 1993
   Transnational Issues Cuba
               Disputes - international: US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay is
                                         leased to US and only mutual
                                         agreement or US abandonment of the
                                         area can terminate the lease
                          Illicit drugs: territorial waters and air space
                                         serve as transshipment zone for
                                         cocaine and heroin bound for the US
                                         and Europe; established the death
                                         penalty for certain drug-related
                                         crimes in 1999

4. U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000)
Cuba, NM -- U.S. village in New Mexico
   Population (2000):    590
   Housing Units (2000): 290
   Land area (2000):     1.267983 sq. miles (3.284061 sq. km)
   Water area (2000):    0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
   Total area (2000):    1.267983 sq. miles (3.284061 sq. km)
   FIPS code:            19150
   Located within:       New Mexico (NM), FIPS 35
   Location:             36.018325 N, 106.959642 W
   ZIP Codes (1990):     87013
   Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
    Cuba, NM

5. U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000)
Cuba, NY -- U.S. village in New York
   Population (2000):    1633
   Housing Units (2000): 698
   Land area (2000):     1.192879 sq. miles (3.089542 sq. km)
   Water area (2000):    0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
   Total area (2000):    1.192879 sq. miles (3.089542 sq. km)
   FIPS code:            19356
   Located within:       New York (NY), FIPS 36
   Location:             42.217743 N, 78.275261 W
   ZIP Codes (1990):     14727
   Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
    Cuba, NY

6. U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000)
Cuba, IL -- U.S. city in Illinois
   Population (2000):    1418
   Housing Units (2000): 594
   Land area (2000):     0.541903 sq. miles (1.403522 sq. km)
   Water area (2000):    0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
   Total area (2000):    0.541903 sq. miles (1.403522 sq. km)
   FIPS code:            17991
   Located within:       Illinois (IL), FIPS 17
   Location:             40.493422 N, 90.193307 W
   ZIP Codes (1990):     61427
   Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
    Cuba, IL

7. U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000)
Cuba, AL -- U.S. town in Alabama
   Population (2000):    363
   Housing Units (2000): 186
   Land area (2000):     4.063091 sq. miles (10.523356 sq. km)
   Water area (2000):    0.007230 sq. miles (0.018725 sq. km)
   Total area (2000):    4.070321 sq. miles (10.542081 sq. km)
   FIPS code:            18952
   Located within:       Alabama (AL), FIPS 01
   Location:             32.433782 N, 88.371776 W
   ZIP Codes (1990):     36907
   Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
    Cuba, AL

8. U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000)
Cuba, KS -- U.S. city in Kansas
   Population (2000):    231
   Housing Units (2000): 148
   Land area (2000):     0.303548 sq. miles (0.786186 sq. km)
   Water area (2000):    0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
   Total area (2000):    0.303548 sq. miles (0.786186 sq. km)
   FIPS code:            16625
   Located within:       Kansas (KS), FIPS 20
   Location:             39.802222 N, 97.457128 W
   ZIP Codes (1990):     66940
   Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
    Cuba, KS

9. U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000)
Cuba, MO -- U.S. city in Missouri
   Population (2000):    3230
   Housing Units (2000): 1414
   Land area (2000):     2.948689 sq. miles (7.637069 sq. km)
   Water area (2000):    0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
   Total area (2000):    2.948689 sq. miles (7.637069 sq. km)
   FIPS code:            17668
   Located within:       Missouri (MO), FIPS 29
   Location:             38.063093 N, 91.403297 W
   ZIP Codes (1990):     65453
   Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
    Cuba, MO

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