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World Gazetteer Results for Pakruojis:
Alternate NamesPakruoyis
Geographical TypeLocality
Administrative DivisionŠiaulių
Dictionary Results for Lithuania:
1. WordNet® 3.0 (2006)
    n 1: a republic in northeastern Europe on the Baltic Sea [syn:
         Lithuania, Republic of Lithuania, Lietuva]

2. CIA World Factbook 2002

   Introduction Lithuania
                            Background: Independent between the two World
                                        Wars, Lithuania was annexed by the
                                        USSR in 1940. On 11 March 1990,
                                        Lithuania became the first of the
                                        Soviet republics to declare its
                                        independence, but this proclamation
                                        was not generally recognized until
                                        September of 1991 (following the
                                        abortive coup in Moscow). The last
                                        Russian troops withdrew in 1993.
                                        Lithuania subsequently has
                                        restructured its economy for
                                        eventual integration into Western
                                        European institutions.
   Geography Lithuania
                              Location: Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic
                                        Sea, between Latvia and Russia
                Geographic coordinates: 56 00 N, 24 00 E
                        Map references: Europe
                                  Area: total: 65,200 sq km
                                        water: NA sq km
                                        land: NA sq km
                    Area - comparative: slightly larger than West Virginia
                       Land boundaries: total: 1,273 km
                                        border countries: Belarus 502 km,
                                        Latvia 453 km, Poland 91 km, Russia
                                        (Kaliningrad) 227 km
                             Coastline: 99 km
                       Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 NM
                               Climate: transitional, between maritime and
                                        continental; wet, moderate winters
                                        and summers
                               Terrain: lowland, many scattered small lakes,
                                        fertile soil
                    Elevation extremes: lowest point: Baltic Sea 0 m
                                        highest point: Juozapines/Kalnas 292
                     Natural resources: peat, arable land
                              Land use: arable land: 45.46%
                                        permanent crops: 0.93%
                                        other: 53.61% (1998 est.)
                        Irrigated land: 90 sq km (1998 est.)
                       Natural hazards: NA
          Environment - current issues: contamination of soil and
                                        groundwater with petroleum products
                                        and chemicals at military bases
            Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                            agreements: Change, Endangered Species,
                                        Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer
                                        Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
                                        signed, but not ratified: Air
                                        Pollution-Persistent Organic
                                        Pollutants, Climate Change-Kyoto
                      Geography - note: fertile central plains are separated
                                        by hilly uplands that are ancient
                                        glacial deposits
   People Lithuania
                            Population: 3,601,138 (July 2002 est.)
                         Age structure: 0-14 years: 18.2% (male 333,966;
                                        female 319,992)
                                        15-64 years: 68% (male 1,184,969;
                                        female 1,265,711)
                                        65 years and over: 13.8% (male
                                        167,789; female 328,711) (2002 est.)
                Population growth rate: -0.25% (2002 est.)
                            Birth rate: 10.22 births/1,000 population (2002
                            Death rate: 12.87 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                    Net migration rate: 0.15 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                        (2002 est.)
                             Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                        under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                        15-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
                                        65 years and over: 0.51 male(s)/
                                        total population: 0.88 male(s)/
                                        female (2002 est.)
                 Infant mortality rate: 14.34 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
              Life expectancy at birth: total population: 69.42 years
                                        female: 75.6 years (2002 est.)
                                        male: 63.54 years
                  Total fertility rate: 1.4 children born/woman (2002 est.)
      HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.02% (1999 est.)
     HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ less than 500 (1999 est.)
                     HIV/AIDS - deaths: less than 100 (1999 est.)
                           Nationality: noun: Lithuanian(s)
                                        adjective: Lithuanian
                         Ethnic groups: Lithuanian 80.6%, Russian 8.7%,
                                        Polish 7%, Belarusian 1.6%, other
                             Religions: Roman Catholic (primarily),
                                        Lutheran, Russian Orthodox,
                                        Protestant, Evangelical Christian
                                        Baptist, Muslim, Jewish
                             Languages: Lithuanian (official), Polish,
                              Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                        and write
                                        total population: 98%
                                        male: 99%
                                        female: 98% (1989 est.)
   Government Lithuania
                          Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                        conventional short form: Lithuania
                                        local short form: Lietuva
                                        former: Lithuanian Soviet Socialist
                                        local long form: Lietuvos Respublika
                       Government type: parliamentary democracy
                               Capital: Vilnius
              Administrative divisions: 10 counties (apskritys, singular -
                                        apskritis); Alytaus, Kauno,
                                        Klaipedos, Marijampoles, Panevezio,
                                        Siauliu, Taurages, Telsiu, Utenos,
                          Independence: 11 March 1990 (independence declared
                                        from Soviet Union); 6 September 1991
                                        (Soviet Union recognizes Lithuania's
                      National holiday: Independence Day, 16 February
                                        (1918); note - 16 February 1918 is
                                        the date of independence from
                                        German, Austrian, Prussian, and
                                        Russian occupation, 11 March 1990 is
                                        the date of independence from the
                                        Soviet Union
                          Constitution: adopted 25 October 1992
                          Legal system: based on civil law system;
                                        legislative acts can be appealed to
                                        the constitutional court
                              Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                      Executive branch: chief of state: President Valdas
                                        ADAMKUS (since 26 February 1998)
                                        head of government: Premier Algirdas
                                        Mykolas BRAZAUSKAS (since 3 July
                                        cabinet: Council of Ministers
                                        appointed by the president on the
                                        nomination of the premier
                                        elections: president elected by
                                        popular vote for a five-year term;
                                        election last held 21 December 1997
                                        and 4 January 1998 (next to be held
                                        in late 2002); premier appointed by
                                        the president on the approval of the
                                        election results: Valdas ADAMKUS
                                        elected president; percent of vote -
                                        Valdas ADAMKUS 50.4%, Arturas
                                        PAULAUSKAS 49.6%
                    Legislative branch: unicameral Parliament or Seimas (141
                                        seats, 71 members are directly
                                        elected by popular vote, 70 are
                                        elected by proportional
                                        representation; members serve four-
                                        year terms)
                                        elections: last held 8 October 2000
                                        (next to be held NA October 2004)
                                        election results: percent of vote by
                                        party - Social Democratic Coalition
                                        31.1%, New Union-Social Liberals
                                        19.6%, Liberal Union 17.2%, TS 8.6%,
                                        remaining parties all less than 5%;
                                        seats by party - Social Democratic
                                        Coalition 52, Liberal Union 34, New
                                        Union-Social Liberals 29, TS 9,
                                        Farmer's Party 4, Center Union 2,
                                        Poles' Electoral Action 2, Modern
                                        Christian Democratic Union 1,
                                        independents 3, others 5
                       Judicial branch: Constitutional Court; Supreme Court;
                                        Court of Appeal; judges for all
                                        courts appointed by the President
         Political parties and leaders: Christian Democratic Party or LKDP
                                        [Kazys BOBELIS, chairman]; Electoral
                                        Action of Lithuanian Poles [Valdemar
                                        TOMASZEVSKI, chairman]; Homeland
                                        Union/Conservative Party or TS
                                        [Vytautas LANDSBERGIS, chairman];
                                        Lithuanian Center Union or LCS
                                        [Kestutis GLAVECKAS, chairman];
                                        Lithuanian Farmer's Party or LUP
                                        [Ramunas KARBAUSKIS, chairman];
                                        Lithuanian Green Party [Rimantas
                                        BRAZIULIS]; Lithuanian Liberal Union
                                        [Eugenijus GENTVILAS, chairman];
                                        Lithuanian Liberal Youth [Neringa
                                        MOROZAITE]; Lithuanian National
                                        Democratic Party [Vygintas GONTIS];
                                        Lithuanian Social Democratic
                                        Coalition [Algirdas BRAZAUSKAS,
                                        chairman] consists of the Lithuanian
                                        Democratic Labor Party or LDDP, the
                                        Lithuanian Social Democratic Party
                                        or LSPD, and New Democracy; Moderate
                                        Conservative Union [Gediminas
                                        VAGNORIUS]; Modern Christian
                                        Democratic Union [Vytautas BOGUSIS,
                                        chairman]; New Democracy and
                                        Farmer's Union [Kazimiera
                                        PRUNSKIENE, chairman]; New Union-
                                        Social Liberals [Arturas PAULAUSKAS,
                                        chairman]; Young Lithuania [Arnoldas
          Political pressure groups and NA
             International organization ACCT (observer), BIS, CBSS, CCC, CE,
                         participation: EAPC, EBRD, ECE, EU (applicant),
                                        FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU,
                                        ICRM, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO,
                                        Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO
                                        (correspondent), ITU, OPCW, OSCE,
                                        PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO,
                                        UNMIK, UPU, WCL, WEU (associate
                                        partner), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO
   Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador
                                        Vygaudas USACKAS
                                        consulate(s) general: Chicago and
                                        New York
                                        FAX: [1] (202) 328-0466
                                        telephone: [1] (202) 234-5860
                                        chancery: 2622 16th Street NW,
                                        Washington, DC 20009
     Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador John F.
                                    US: TEFFT
                                        embassy: Akmenu 6, 2600 Vilnius
                                        mailing address: American Embassy,
                                        Vilnius, PSC 78, Box V, APO AE 09723
                                        telephone: [370] (2) 665-500
                                        FAX: [370] (2) 665-510
                      Flag description: three equal horizontal bands of
                                        yellow (top), green, and red
   Economy Lithuania
                    Economy - overview: Lithuania, the Baltic state that has
                                        conducted the most trade with
                                        Russia, has been slowly rebounding
                                        from the 1998 Russian financial
                                        crisis. High unemployment, at 12.5%
                                        in 2001, and weak consumption have
                                        held back recovery. Trade has been
                                        increasingly oriented toward the
                                        West. Lithuania has gained
                                        membership in the World Trade
                                        Organization and has moved ahead
                                        with plans to join the EU.
                                        Privatization of the large, state-
                                        owned utilities, particularly in the
                                        energy sector, is underway.
                                   GDP: purchasing power parity - $27.4
                                        billion (2001 est.)
                GDP - real growth rate: 4.8% (2001 est.)
                      GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $7,600
                                        (2001 est.)
           GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 9%
                                        industry: 32%
                                        services: 59% (2000 est.)
         Population below poverty line: NA%
     Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 3.1%
                      percentage share: highest 10%: 25.6% (1996)
   Distribution of family income - Gini 34 (1999)
      Inflation rate (consumer prices): 1.3% (2001 est.)
                           Labor force: 1.5 million (2001 est.)
           Labor force - by occupation: industry 30%, agriculture 20%,
                                        services 50% (1997 est.)
                     Unemployment rate: 12.5% (2001 est.)
                                Budget: revenues: $1.59 billion
                                        expenditures: $1.77 billion,
                                        including capital expenditures of
                                        $NA (2001 est.)
                            Industries: metal-cutting machine tools,
                                        electric motors, television sets,
                                        refrigerators and freezers,
                                        petroleum refining, shipbuilding
                                        (small ships), furniture making,
                                        textiles, food processing,
                                        fertilizers, agricultural machinery,
                                        optical equipment, electronic
                                        components, computers, amber
     Industrial production growth rate: 15% (2001 est.)
              Electricity - production: 10.966 billion kWh (2000)
    Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 20.16%
                                        hydro: 3.06%
                                        other: 0% (2000)
                                        nuclear: 76.78%
             Electricity - consumption: 6.898 billion kWh (2000)
                 Electricity - exports: 6.3 billion kWh (2000)
                 Electricity - imports: 3 billion kWh (2000)
                Agriculture - products: grain, potatoes, sugar beets, flax,
                                        vegetables; beef, milk, eggs; fish
                               Exports: $4.8 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                 Exports - commodities: mineral products 21%, textiles and
                                        clothing 19%, machinery and
                                        equipment 11%, chemicals 8%, wood
                                        and wood products 6%, foodstuffs 4%
                    Exports - partners: Latvia 15%, Germany 14%, UK 8%,
                                        Russia 7%, Ukraine 5% (2000)
                               Imports: $5.7 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                 Imports - commodities: mineral products 23%, machinery and
                                        equipment 16%, chemicals 9%,
                                        textiles and clothing 9%, transport
                                        equipment 9% (2000)
                    Imports - partners: Russia 28%, Germany 15%, Poland 5%,
                                        France 4%, UK 4% (2000)
                       Debt - external: $3.6 billion (2001 est.)
              Economic aid - recipient: $228.5 million (1995)
                              Currency: litas (LTL)
                         Currency code: LTL
                        Exchange rates: litai per US dollar - 4.000 (fixed
                                        rate since 1 May 1994); note - litai
                                        is the plural of litas; effective 2
                                        February 2002 the litas are pegged
                                        to the euro
                           Fiscal year: calendar year
   Communications Lithuania
        Telephones - main lines in use: 1.142 million (2001)
          Telephones - mobile cellular: 500,000 (2001)
                      Telephone system: general assessment: inadequate, but
                                        is being modernized to provide an
                                        improved international capability
                                        and better residential access
                                        domestic: a national, fiber-optic
                                        cable, interurban, trunk system is
                                        nearing completion; rural exchanges
                                        are being improved and expanded;
                                        mobile cellular systems are being
                                        installed; access to the Internet is
                                        available; still many unsatisfied
                                        telephone subscriber applications
                                        international: landline connections
                                        to Latvia and Poland; major
                                        international connections to
                                        Denmark, Sweden, and Norway by
                                        submarine cable for further
                                        transmission by satellite
              Radio broadcast stations: AM 29, FM 142, shortwave 1 (2001)
                                Radios: 1.9 million (1997)
         Television broadcast stations: 27
                                        note: Lithuania has approximately 27
                                        broadcasting stations, but may have
                                        as many as 100 transmitters,
                                        including repeater stations (2001)
                           Televisions: 1.7 million (1997)
                 Internet country code: .lt
     Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 32 (2001)
                        Internet users: 341,000 (2001)
   Transportation Lithuania
                              Railways: total: 1,998 km
                                        broad gauge: 1,807 km 1.524-m gauge
                                        (122 km electrified)
                                        narrow gauge: 169 km 0.750-m gauge
                                        standard gauge: 22 km 1.435-m gauge
                              Highways: total: 44,000 km
                                        paved: 35,500 km
                                        unpaved: 8,500 km (2001)
                             Waterways: 600 km (perennially navigable)
                             Pipelines: crude oil, 105 km; natural gas 760
                                        km (1992)
                     Ports and harbors: Butinge, Kaunas, Klaipeda
                       Merchant marine: total: 47 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                        totaling 279,743 GRT/304,156 DWT
                                        ships by type: cargo 25, combination
                                        bulk 8, petroleum tanker 2, railcar
                                        carrier 1, refrigerated cargo 6,
                                        roll on/roll off 2, short-sea
                                        passenger 3
                                        note: includes some foreign-owned
                                        ships registered here as a flag of
                                        convenience: Denmark 13 (2002 est.)
                              Airports: 72 (2001)
         Airports - with paved runways: total: 9
                                        over 3,047 m: 2
                                        1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
                                        under 914 m: 3 (2001)
       Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 63
                                        1,524 to 2,437 m: 3
                                        914 to 1,523 m: 5
                                        under 914 m: 55 (2001)
   Military Lithuania
                     Military branches: Ground Forces, Navy, Air and Air
                                        Defense Force, National Volunteer
                                        Defense Forces (SKAT)
      Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age (2002 est.)
      Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 933,638 (2002 est.)
   Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 733,415 (2002 est.)
           Military manpower - reaching males: 28,506 (2002 est.)
                 military age annually:
         Military expenditures - dollar $230.8 million (FY01)
     Military expenditures - percent of 1.9% (FY01)
   Transnational Issues Lithuania
              Disputes - international: the Russian Duma has not ratified
                                        1997 boundary treaty; the Latvian
                                        Parliament has not ratified its 1998
                                        maritime boundary treaty with
                                        Lithuania, primarily due to concerns
                                        over oil exploration rights
                         Illicit drugs: transshipment point for opiates and
                                        other illicit drugs from Southwest
                                        Asia, Latin America, and Western
                                        Europe to Western Europe and
                                        Scandinavia; limited production of
                                        methamphetamine and ecstasy

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