Dictionary    Maps    Thesaurus    Translate    Advanced >   

Tip: Click Thesaurus above for synonyms. Also, follow synonym links within the dictionary to find definitions from other sources.

1. WordNet® 3.0 (2006)
    n 1: an open-source version of the UNIX operating system

2. The Jargon File (version 4.4.7, 29 Dec 2003)
 /lee'nuhks/, /li?nuks/, not, /li:?nuhks/, n.

    The free Unix workalike created by Linus Torvalds and friends starting
    about 1991. The pronunciation /li'nuhks/ is preferred because the name
    ?Linus? has an /ee/ sound in Swedish (Linus's family is part of Finland's
    6% ethnic-Swedish minority) and Linus considers English short /i/ to be
    closer to /ee/ than English long /i:/. This may be the most remarkable
    hacker project in history ? an entire clone of Unix for 386, 486 and
    Pentium micros, distributed for free with sources over the net (ports to
    Alpha and Sparc and many other machines are also in use).

    Linux is what GNU aimed to be, and it relies on the GNU toolset. But the
    Free Software Foundation didn't produce the kernel to go with that toolset
    until 1999, which was too late. Other, similar efforts like FreeBSD and
    NetBSD have been technically successful but never caught fire the way Linux
    has; as this is written in 2003, Linux has effectively swallowed all
    proprietary Unixes except Solaris and is seriously challenging Microsoft.
    It has already captured 41% of the Internet-server market and over 25% of
    general business servers.

    An earlier version of this entry opined ?The secret of Linux's success
    seems to be that Linus worked much harder early on to keep the development
    process open and recruit other hackers, creating a snowball effect.? Truer
    than we knew. See bazaar.

    (Some people object that the name ?Linux? should be used to refer only to
    the kernel, not the entire operating system. This claim is a proxy for an
    underlying territorial dispute; people who insist on the term GNU/Linux
    want the FSF to get most of the credit for Linux because RMS and friends
    wrote many of its user-level tools. Neither this theory nor the term GNU/
    Linux has gained more than minority acceptance).

3. The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (30 December 2018)

    ("Linus Unix") /li'nuks/ (but see below)
   An implementation of the Unix kernel originally written
   from scratch with no proprietary code.

   The kernel runs on Intel and Alpha hardware in the general
   release, with SPARC, PowerPC, MIPS, ARM, Amiga,
   Atari, and SGI in active development.  The SPARC, PowerPC,
   ARM, PowerMAC - OSF, and 68k ports all support shells,
   X and networking.  The Intel and SPARC versions have
   reliable symmetric multiprocessing.

   Work on the kernel is coordinated by Linus Torvalds, who holds
   the copyright on a large part of it.  The rest of the
   copyright is held by a large number of other contributors (or
   their employers).  Regardless of the copyright ownerships, the
   kernel as a whole is available under the GNU General Public
   License.  The GNU project supports Linux as its kernel until
   the research Hurd kernel is completed.

   This kernel would be no use without application programs.
   The GNU project has provided large numbers of quality tools,
   and together with other public domain software it is a rich
   Unix environment.  A compilation of the Linux kernel and these
   tools is known as a Linux distribution.  Compatibility modules
   and/or emulators exist for dozens of other computing

   The kernel version numbers are significant: the odd numbered
   series (e.g. 1.3.xx) is the development (or beta) kernel which
   evolves very quickly.  Stable (or release) kernels have even
   major version numbers (e.g. 1.2.xx).

   There is a lot of commercial support for and use of Linux,
   both by hardware companies such as Digital, IBM, and
   Apple and numerous smaller network and integration
   specialists.  There are many commercially supported
   distributions which are generally entirely under the GPL.  At
   least one distribution vendor guarantees Posix compliance.
   Linux is particularly popular for Internet Service
   Providers, and there are ports to both parallel
   supercomputers and embedded microcontrollers.  Debian is
   one popular open source distribution.

   The pronunciation of "Linux" has been a matter of much debate.
   Many, including Torvalds, insist on the short I pronunciation
   /li'nuks/ because "Linus" has an /ee/ sound in Swedish
   (Linus's family is part of Finland's 6% ethnic-Swedish
   minority) and Linus considers English short /i/ to be closer
   to /ee/ than English long /i:/ dipthong.  This is consistent
   with the short I in words like "linen".  This doesn't stop
   others demanding a long I /li:'nuks/ following the english
   pronunciation of "Linus" and "minus".  Others say /li'niks/
   following Minix, which Torvalds was working on before Linux.

   More on pronunciation (/pub/misc/linux-pronunciation).

   <LinuxHQ>.  <slashdot>.  <freshmeat>.
   <Woven Goods>.  <Linux

   <funet Linux Archive>, <US
   mirror>, <UK Mirror>.


Common Misspellings >
Most Popular Searches: Define Misanthrope, Define Pulchritudinous, Define Happy, Define Veracity, Define Cornucopia, Define Almuerzo, Define Atresic, Define URL, Definitions Of Words, Definition Of Get Up, Definition Of Quid Pro Quo, Definition Of Irreconcilable Differences, Definition Of Word, Synonyms of Repetitive, Synonym Dictionary, Synonym Antonyms. See our main index and map index for more details.

©2011-2024 ZebraWords.com - Define Yourself - The Search for Meanings and Meaning Means I Mean. All content subject to terms and conditions as set out here. Contact Us, peruse our Privacy Policy