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1. WordNet® 3.0 (2006)
    n 1: a state in midwestern United States [syn: Indiana,
         Hoosier State, IN]
    2: United States pop artist (born 1928) [syn: Indiana, Robert

2. Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856)
INDIANA. The name of one of the new states of the United States. This state 
was admitted into the Union by virtue of the "Resolution for admitting the 
state of Indiana into the Union," approved December 11, 1816, in the 
following words: Whereas, in pursuance of an act of congress, passed on the 
nineteenth day of April, one thousand eight hundred and sixteen, entitled 
"An act to enable the people of the Indiana territory to from a constitution 
and state government, and for the admission of that state into the Union," 
the people of the said territory did, on the twenty-ninth day of June, in 
the present year, by a convention called for that purpose, form for 
themselves a constitution and state government, which constitution and state 
government, so formed, is republican, and in conformity with the principles 
of the articles of compact between the original states and the people and 
states in the territory north-west of the river Ohio, passed on the 
thirteenth day of July, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven. 
     2. Resolved, That the state of Indiana shall be one, and is hereby 
declared to be one of the United States of America, and admitted into the 
Union on an equal footing with the original states, in all respects 
     3. The first constitution of the state was adopted in the year 
eighteen hundred and sixteen, and has since been superseded by the present 
constitution, which was adopted in the year eighteen hundred and fifty-one. 
The powers of the government are divided into three distinct departments, 
and each of them is confided to a separate body of magistracy, to wit: those 
which are legislative, to one; those which are executive, including the 
administrative, to another; and those which are judicial to a third. Art. 
     4.-1st. The legislative authority of the state is vested in a general 
assembly, which consists of a senate and house of representatives, both 
elected by the people. 
     5. The senate is composed of a number of persons who shall not exceed 
fifty. Art. 2. The number shall be fixed by law. Art. IV. 6. A senator shall 
1. Have attained the age of twenty-five years. 2. Be a citizen of the United 
States. 3. Have resided, next preceding his election, two years in this 
state, the last twelve months of which must have been in the county or 
district in which he may be elected. Senators shall be elected for the term 
of four years, and one-half as nearly as possible shall be elected every two 
     6.-2. The number of representatives is to be fixed by law. It shall 
never exceed one hundred members. Art. IV. s. 2, 5. 
     7. To be qualified for a representative, a person must, 1. Have 
attained the age of twenty-one year's. 2. Be a Citizen, of the United 
States. 3. Have been for two years next preceding his election an inhabitant 
of this state, and for one year next preceding his election, an inhabitant of

the county or district whence he may be chosen. Art. IV. s. 7. 
Representatives are elected for the term of two years from the day next 
after their general election. Art. IV. s. 3. And they shall be chosen by the 
respective electors of the counties. Art. IV. s. 2. 
     8.-2d, The executive power of this state is vested in a governor. And,

under certain circumstances, this power is exercised by the lieutenant-
     9.-1. The governor is elected at the time and place of choosing 
members of the general assembly. Art. V. s. 3. The person having the highest 
number of votes for governor shall be elected; but, in case to or more 
persons shall have an equal and the highest number of votes for the office, 
the general assembly shall, by joint vote, forthwith proceed to elect one of 
the said persons governor. He shall hold his office during four years, and 
is not eligible more than four years in any period of eight years. The 
official term of the governor shall commence on the second Monday of 
January, in the year one thousand eight hundred and fifty-three, and on the 
same day every fourth year thereafter. His requisite qualifications are, 
that he shall, 1. Have been a citizen of the United States for five years. 
2. Be at least thirty years of age. 3. Have resided in the state five years 
next preceding his election. 4. Not hold any office under the United States, 
or this state. He is commander-in-chief of the army and navy of the state, 
when not in the service of the United States, and may call out such forces, 
to execute the laws, to suppress insurrection, or to repel invasion. He 
shall have the power to remit fines and forfeitures; grant reprieves and 
pardons, except treason and cases of impeachments; and to require 
information from executive officers. When, during a recess of the general 
assembly, a vacancy shall happen in any office, the appointment of which is 
vested in the general assembly, or when at any time a vacancy shall have 
happened in any other state office, or in the office of judge of any court, 
the governor shall fill such vacancy by appointment, which shall expire when 
a successor shall have been elected and qualified. He shall take care that 
the laws be faithfully executed. Should the seat of government become 
dangerous, from disease or at common enemy, he may convene the general 
assembly at any other place. He is also invested with the veto power. Art. V.

    10.-2. The lieutenant-governor shall be chosen at every election for a 
governor, in the same manner, continue in office for the same time, and 
possess the same qualifications. In voting for governor and lieutenant-
governor, the electors shall distinguish whom they vote for as governor, and 
whom as lieutenant-governor. He shall, by virtue of his office, be president 
of the senate; have a right, when in committee of the whole, to debate and 
vote on all subjects, and when the senate are equally divided, to give the 
casting vote. In case of the removal of the governor from office, death, 
resignation, or inability to discharge the duties of the office, the 
lieutenant-governor shall exercise all the powers and authority appertaining 
to the office of governor. Whenever the government shall be administered by 
the lieutenant-governor, or he shall be unable to attend as president of the 
senate, the senate shall elect one of their own members as president for 
that occasion. And the general assembly shall, by law, provide for the case 
of removal from office, death, resignation, or inability, both of the 
governor and lieutenant-governor, declaring what office r shall then act as 
governor; and such officer shall act accordingly, until the disability be 
removed, or a governor be elected. The lieutenant-governor, while he acts as 
president of the senate, shall receive for his services the same 
compensation as the speaker of the house of representatives. The lieutenant-
governor shall not be eligible to any other office during the term for which 
he shall have been elected. 
    11.-3. The judicial power of the state is vested by article VII of the 
Constitution as follows: 
    Sec. 1. The judicial power of this state shall be vested in a supreme 
court, in circuit courts, and in such other inferior courts as the general 
assembly may direct and establish. 
    12.-2. The supreme court shall consist of not less than three nor more 
than five judges, a majority of whom form a quorum, which shall have 
jurisdiction co-extensive with the limits of the state, in appeals and writs 
of error, under such regulations and restrictions as may be prescribed by 
law, shall also have such original jurisdiction as the general assembly may 
confer. And upon the decision of every case, shall give a statement, in 
writing, of each question arising in the record of such case, and the 
decision of the court thereon. 
    13.-3. The circuit courts shall each consist of one judge. The state 
shall, from time to time, be divided into judicial circuits. They shall have 
such civil and criminal jurisdiction as may be prescribed by law. The 
general assembly may provide by law, that the judge of one circuit may hold 
the court of another circuit in case of necessity or convenience; and in 
case of temporary inability of any judge, from sickness or other cause, to 
hold the courts in his circuit, provision shall be made by law for holding 
such courts. 
    14.-4. Tribunals of conciliation may be established with such powers 
and duties as shall be prescribed by law; or the powers and duties of the 
same may be conferred on other courts of justice; but such tribunals or 
other courts when sitting as such, shall have no power to render judgment to 
be obligatory on the parties, unless they voluntarily submit their matters 
of difference, and agree to abide the judgment of such tribunal or court. 
    15.-5. The judges of the supreme court, the circuit and other inferior 
courts, shall hold their offices during the term of six years, if they shall 
so long behave well, and shall, at stated times, receive for their services 
a compensation, which shall not be diminished during their continuance in 
    16.-6. All judicial officers shall be conservators of the peace in 
their respective jurisdiction. 
    17.-7. The state shall be divided into as many districts as there ate 
judges of the supreme court; and such districts shall be formed of 
contiguous territory, as nearly equal in population, as without dividing a 
county the same can be made. One of said judges shall be elected from each 
district, and reside therein; but said judges shall be elected by the 
electors of the state at large. 
    18.-8. There shall be elected by the voters of the state, a clerk of 
the supreme court, who shall hold his office four years, and whose duties 
shall be prescribed by law. 
    19.-9. There shall be elected in each judicial circuit by the voters 
thereof, a prosecuting attorney, who shall hold his office for two years. 
    20.-10. A competent number of justices of the peace shall be elected 
by the qualified electors in each township in the several counties, and 
shall continue in office four years, and their powers and duties shall be 
prescribed by law. 
    21.-11. Every person of good moral character, being a voter, shall be 
entitled to admission to practice law in all courts of justice. 

3. U.S. Gazetteer Counties (2000)
Indiana -- U.S. County in Pennsylvania
   Population (2000):    89605
   Housing Units (2000): 37250
   Land area (2000):     829.271452 sq. miles (2147.803109 sq. km)
   Water area (2000):    5.017722 sq. miles (12.995841 sq. km)
   Total area (2000):    834.289174 sq. miles (2160.798950 sq. km)
   Located within:       Pennsylvania (PA), FIPS 42
   Location:             40.633396 N, 79.119703 W
    Indiana, PA
    Indiana County
    Indiana County, PA

4. U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000)
Indiana, PA -- U.S. borough in Pennsylvania
   Population (2000):    14895
   Housing Units (2000): 5096
   Land area (2000):     1.764807 sq. miles (4.570828 sq. km)
   Water area (2000):    0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
   Total area (2000):    1.764807 sq. miles (4.570828 sq. km)
   FIPS code:            36816
   Located within:       Pennsylvania (PA), FIPS 42
   Location:             40.621084 N, 79.154903 W
   ZIP Codes (1990):     15701
   Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
    Indiana, PA

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